Guide: How to cite a Artwork in APS style

Guide: How to cite a Artwork in APS style

Cite A Artwork in APS style

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Use the following template to cite a artwork using the APS citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the APS style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Initial. Year Published. Title. City: Gallery.


Fergusson, D., and Boden, J. 2008. Cannabis use and later life outcomes. Addiction. 103:969-976 Available at: [Accessed April 28, 2015].

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname Year Published)


Findings  There were statistically significant bivariate associations between increasing levels of cannabis use at ages 14–21 and: lower levels of degree attainment by age 25 (P < 0.0001); lower income at age 25 (P < 0.01); higher levels of welfare dependence (P < 0.0001); higher unemployment (P < 0.0001); lower levels of relationship satisfaction (P < 0.001); and lower levels of life satisfaction (P < 0.0001). These associations were adjusted for a range of potentially confounding factors including: family socio-economic background; family functioning; exposure to child abuse; childhood and adolescent adjustment; early adolescent academic achievement; and comorbid mental disorders and substance use. After adjustment, the associations between increasing cannabis use and all outcome measures remained statistically significant (P < 0.05).

Conclusions  The results of the present study suggest that increasing cannabis use in late adolescence and early adulthood is associated with a range of adverse outcomes in later life. High levels of cannabis use are related to poorer educational outcomes, lower income, greater welfare dependence and unemployment and lower relationship and life satisfaction. The findings add to a growing body of knowledge regarding the adverse consequences of heavy cannabis use. (Fergusson and Boden 2008)

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