Guide: How to cite a Dissertation in ESA style

Guide: How to cite a Dissertation in ESA style

Cite A Dissertation in ESA style

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Use the following template to cite a dissertation using the ESA citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the ESA style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Initial. Year Published. Title (Level).


Buxton, M. 2011. Planning to fail: the worst of urban worlds. The Conversation. (

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname Year Published)


Sydney, according to history, was never infrastructured to hold as many people as it does today (Buxton 2011)

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