Guide: How to cite a Patent in ESA style

Guide: How to cite a Patent in ESA style

Cite A Patent in ESA style

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Use the following template to cite a patent using the ESA citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the ESA style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Initial. Year Published. Title.


(Boyz n the hood) . 1991. Boyz n the hood. John Singleton.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname Year Published)


that’s what happens when the value of property in certain areas is deliberately brought down, (arguably was brought down because it’s seen as dangerous drug dealing and gangsters’  zone), the investors and the developers bought them at a very cheap price, then move all the original residents out and sell the new buildings built on site at a much higher price, and make a great profit. (Boyz n the hood 1991)

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