Guide: How to cite a Patent in SPI style

Guide: How to cite a Patent in SPI style

Cite A Patent in SPI style

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Use the following template to cite a patent using the SPI citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.

Key:

Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the SPI style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Author Surname, Author Forename (Year Published): Title.

Example:

Fishman, Stephen (2015): The Public Domain. http://www.nolo.com/products/the-public-domain-publ.html, letzter Zugriff:  30. 4. 2015., http://www.nolo.com/products/the-public-domain-publ.html, letzter Zugriff:  30. 4. 2015.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

(Author Surname Year Published, S.)

Example

the words “public domain” mean creative works that for one reason or another are not protected by copyright law and are ordinarily free for all to use. There are literally billions of creative works—including books, artwork, photos, songs, movies, and more—in the public domain. All of these works, no matter what form they take, are called “works of authorship” or, more simply, “works.” (Fishman 2015)

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