Guide: How to cite a Government publication in Spandidos Publications style

Guide: How to cite a Government publication in Spandidos Publications style

Cite A Government publication in Spandidos Publications style

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Use the following template to cite a government publication using the Spandidos Publications citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.

Key:

Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Spandidos Publications style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

1. Author Surname A: Title. Publisher, City, Year Published.

Example:

1. Zaller N, Topletz A, Frater S, Yates G and Lally M: Profiles of Medicinal Cannabis Patients Attending Compassion Centers in Rhode Island. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 47: 18-23, 2015.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

(1)

Example

Little is understood regarding medicinal marijuana dispensary users. We sought to characterize socio-demographics and reasons for medicinal marijuana use among medical cannabis dispensary patients in Rhode Island. Participants (n=200) were recruited from one of two Compassion Centers in Rhode Island and asked to participate in a short survey, which included assessment of pain interference using the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI). The majority of participants were male (73%), Caucasian (80%), college educated (68%), and had health insurance (89%). The most common reason for medicinal marijuana use was determined to be chronic pain management. Participants were more likely to have BPI pain interference scores of > 5 if they were older (OR: 1.36, 95% CI: 1.04-1.78) or reported using cannabis as a substitute for prescription medications (OR: 2.47, 95% CI: 1.23-4.95), and were less likely to have interference scores of >5 if they had higher income levels (OR: 0.53, 95% CI: 0.40-0.70) or reported having ever received treatment for an alcohol use disorder. One-fifth of participants had a history of a drug or alcohol use disorder. Most participants report that medicinal cannabis improves their pain symptomology, and are interested in alternative treatment options to opioid-based treatment regimens. (1)

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