These are the sources and citations used to research Disertation. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Journal

    Baron, R., Binder, A., Attal, N., Casale, R., Dickenson, A. and Treede, R.

    Neuropathic low back pain in clinical practice

    2016 - European Journal of Pain

    In-text: (Baron et al., 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Baron, R., Binder, A., Attal, N., Casale, R., Dickenson, A. and Treede, R. (2016). Neuropathic low back pain in clinical practice. European Journal of Pain, 20(6), pp.861-873.

  • Journal

    Macfarlane, G. J., Jones, G. T. and Hannaford, P. C.

    Managing low back pain presenting to primary care: Where do we go from here?

    2006 - Pain

    In-text: (Macfarlane, Jones and Hannaford, 2006)

    Your Bibliography: Macfarlane, G., Jones, G. and Hannaford, P. (2006). Managing low back pain presenting to primary care: Where do we go from here?. Pain, 122(3), pp.219-222.

  • Journal

    Fayaz, A., Croft, P., Langford, R. M., Donaldson, L. J. and Jones, G. T.

    Prevalence of chronic pain in the UK: a systematic review and meta-analysis of population studies

    2016 - BMJ Open

    In-text: (Fayaz et al., 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Fayaz, A., Croft, P., Langford, R., Donaldson, L. and Jones, G. (2016). Prevalence of chronic pain in the UK: a systematic review and meta-analysis of population studies. BMJ Open, 6(6), p.e010364.

  • Journal

    Maniadakis, N. and Gray, A.

    The economic burden of back pain in the UK

    2000 - Pain

    In-text: (Maniadakis and Gray, 2000)

    Your Bibliography: Maniadakis, N. and Gray, A. (2000). The economic burden of back pain in the UK. Pain, 84(1), pp.95-103.

  • Journal

    Vogel, S.

    NICE clinical guidelines. Low back pain: The early management of persistent non-specific back pain

    2009 - International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine

    In-text: (Vogel, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Vogel, S. (2009). NICE clinical guidelines. Low back pain: The early management of persistent non-specific back pain. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 12(4), pp.113-114.

  • Journal

    Hoy, D., March, L., Brooks, P., Blyth, F., Woolf, A., Bain, C., Williams, G., Smith, E., Vos, T., Barendregt, J., Murray, C., Burstein, R. and Buchbinder, R.

    The global burden of low back pain: estimates from the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study

    2014 - Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

    In-text: (Hoy et al., 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Hoy, D., March, L., Brooks, P., Blyth, F., Woolf, A., Bain, C., Williams, G., Smith, E., Vos, T., Barendregt, J., Murray, C., Burstein, R. and Buchbinder, R. (2014). The global burden of low back pain: estimates from the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 73(6), pp.968-974.

  • Journal

    Manchikanti, L., Singh, V., Falco, F. J. E., Benyamin, R. M. and Hirsch, J. A.

    Epidemiology of Low Back Pain in Adults

    2014 - Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface

    In-text: (Manchikanti et al., 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Manchikanti, L., Singh, V., Falco, F., Benyamin, R. and Hirsch, J. (2014). Epidemiology of Low Back Pain in Adults. Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface, 17, pp.3-10.

  • Book

    Manusov, E.

    Low Back Pain, An Issue of Primary Care Clinics in Office Practice - E-Book

    2012 - Elsevier - Michigan

    In-text: (Manusov, 2012)

    Your Bibliography: Manusov, E. (2012). Low Back Pain, An Issue of Primary Care Clinics in Office Practice - E-Book. 1st ed. Michigan: Elsevier.

  • Report

    The Office for National Statistics

    Overview of the UK population: July 2017

    2017

    In-text: (The Office for National Statistics, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: The Office for National Statistics (2017). Overview of the UK population: July 2017. [online] Available at: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/articles/overviewoftheukpopulation/july2017#toc [Accessed 12 Dec. 2018].

  • Website

    Kanthala, T., Chand, A., Sohal, A. and Weiss, L.

    MRI-Induced Nocebo Effect: A Case Report

    2016

    In-text: (Kanthala et al., 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Kanthala, T., Chand, A., Sohal, A. and Weiss, L. (2016). MRI-Induced Nocebo Effect: A Case Report. [online] American Academy of Pain Medicine. Available at: http://www.painmed.org/2016posters/abstract-164/ [Accessed 7 Dec. 2017].

  • Website

    National Institute of Health and Care Excellence

    Low back pain and sciatica in over 16s: assessment and management

    2016

    In-text: (National Institute of Health and Care Excellence, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (2016). Low back pain and sciatica in over 16s: assessment and management. [online] NICE. Available at: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng59/chapter/Recommendations#assessment-of-low-back-pain-and-sciatica [Accessed 11 Dec. 2017].

  • Website

    National Health Service England

    Developing patient centred care

    In-text: (National Health Service England, n.d.)

    Your Bibliography: National Health Service England (n.d.). Developing patient centred care. [online] National Health Service England. Available at: https://www.england.nhs.uk/integrated-care-pioneers/resources/patient-care/ [Accessed 8 Dec. 2017].

  • Book

    Ferguson, F.

    A pocketbook of managing lower back pain

    2009 - Churchill Livingstone - London [etc.]

    In-text: (Ferguson, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Ferguson, F. (2009). A pocketbook of managing lower back pain. London [etc.]: Churchill Livingstone.

  • Journal

    Leerar, P. J., Boissonnault, W., Domholdt, E. and Roddey, T.

    Documentation of Red Flags by Physical Therapists for Patients with Low Back Pain

    2007 - Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy

    In-text: (Leerar et al., 2007)

    Your Bibliography: Leerar, P., Boissonnault, W., Domholdt, E. and Roddey, T. (2007). Documentation of Red Flags by Physical Therapists for Patients with Low Back Pain. Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, 15(1), pp.42-49.

  • Book

    Donelson, R.

    Rapid Reversible Low Back Pain: An Evidence-Based Pathway to Widespread Recoveries and Savings

    2007 - SelfCare First - Hanover

    In-text: (Donelson, 2007)

    Your Bibliography: Donelson, R. (2007). Rapid Reversible Low Back Pain: An Evidence-Based Pathway to Widespread Recoveries and Savings. 1st ed. Hanover: SelfCare First.

  • Journal

    Bardin, L. D., King, P. and Maher, C. G.

    Diagnostic triage for low back pain: a practical approach for primary care

    2017 - The Medical Journal of Australia

    In-text: (Bardin, King and Maher, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Bardin, L., King, P. and Maher, C. (2017). Diagnostic triage for low back pain: a practical approach for primary care. The Medical Journal of Australia, 206(6), pp.268-273.

  • Journal

    Wertli, M., Campello, M. A., Held, U., Lis, A. and Weiser, S.

    Are Positive or Negative Pain Beliefs Stronger Predictors of Treatment Outcome in Patients with Low Back Pain? Findings from the OIOC Registry

    2017 - The Spine Journal

    In-text: (Wertli et al., 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Wertli, M., Campello, M., Held, U., Lis, A. and Weiser, S. (2017). Are Positive or Negative Pain Beliefs Stronger Predictors of Treatment Outcome in Patients with Low Back Pain? Findings from the OIOC Registry. The Spine Journal, 17(10), p.S213.

  • Journal

    Ng, S. K., Cicuttini, F. M., Wang, Y., Wluka, A. E., Fitzgibbon, B. and Urquhart, D. M.

    Negative beliefs about low back pain are associated with persistent high intensity low back pain

    2016 - Psychology, Health & Medicine

    In-text: (Ng et al., 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Ng, S., Cicuttini, F., Wang, Y., Wluka, A., Fitzgibbon, B. and Urquhart, D. (2016). Negative beliefs about low back pain are associated with persistent high intensity low back pain. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 22(7), pp.790-799.

  • Journal

    Bansal, N. and Sharma, P. C.

    Attitude & Beliefs of Physiotherapists towards Low Back Pain: A Review of Literature

    2016 - Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy - An International Journal

    In-text: (Bansal and Sharma, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Bansal, N. and Sharma, P. (2016). Attitude & Beliefs of Physiotherapists towards Low Back Pain: A Review of Literature. Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy - An International Journal, 10(1), p.151.

  • Journal

    Darlow, B.

    Beliefs about back pain: The confluence of client, clinician and community

    2016 - International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine

    In-text: (Darlow, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Darlow, B. (2016). Beliefs about back pain: The confluence of client, clinician and community. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 20, pp.53-61.

  • Journal

    Main, C. J., Foster, N. and Buchbinder, R.

    How important are back pain beliefs and expectations for satisfactory recovery from back pain?

    2010 - Best Practice & Research Clinical Rheumatology

    In-text: (Main, Foster and Buchbinder, 2010)

    Your Bibliography: Main, C., Foster, N. and Buchbinder, R. (2010). How important are back pain beliefs and expectations for satisfactory recovery from back pain?. Best Practice & Research Clinical Rheumatology, 24(2), pp.205-217.

  • Journal

    Darlow, B., Fullen, B., Dean, S., Hurley, D., Baxter, G. and Dowell, A.

    The association between health care professional attitudes and beliefs and the attitudes and beliefs, clinical management, and outcomes of patients with low back pain: A systematic review

    2012 - European Journal of Pain

    In-text: (Darlow et al., 2012)

    Your Bibliography: Darlow, B., Fullen, B., Dean, S., Hurley, D., Baxter, G. and Dowell, A. (2012). The association between health care professional attitudes and beliefs and the attitudes and beliefs, clinical management, and outcomes of patients with low back pain: A systematic review. European Journal of Pain, 16(1), pp.3-17.

  • Journal

    Darlow, B., Dowell, A., Baxter, G. D., Mathieson, F., Perry, M. and Dean, S.

    The Enduring Impact of What Clinicians Say to People With Low Back Pain

    2013 - The Annals of Family Medicine

    In-text: (Darlow et al., 2013)

    Your Bibliography: Darlow, B., Dowell, A., Baxter, G., Mathieson, F., Perry, M. and Dean, S. (2013). The Enduring Impact of What Clinicians Say to People With Low Back Pain. The Annals of Family Medicine, 11(6), pp.527-534.

  • Journal

    Barker, K. L., Reid, M. and Lowe, C. J. M.

    Divided by a lack of common language? - a qualitative study exploring the use of language by health professionals treating back pain

    2009 - BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

    In-text: (Barker, Reid and Lowe, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Barker, K., Reid, M. and Lowe, C. (2009). Divided by a lack of common language? - a qualitative study exploring the use of language by health professionals treating back pain. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 10(1).

  • Journal

    Jeffrey, J. E. and Foster, N. E.

    A Qualitative Investigation of Physical Therapists' Experiences and Feelings of Managing Patients With Nonspecific Low Back Pain

    2012 - Physical Therapy

    In-text: (Jeffrey and Foster, 2012)

    Your Bibliography: Jeffrey, J. and Foster, N. (2012). A Qualitative Investigation of Physical Therapists' Experiences and Feelings of Managing Patients With Nonspecific Low Back Pain. Physical Therapy, 92(2), pp.266-278.

  • Journal

    Bendelow, G.

    Chronic Pain Patients and the Biomedical Model of Pain

    2013 - Virtual Mentor

    In-text: (Bendelow, 2013)

    Your Bibliography: Bendelow, G. (2013). Chronic Pain Patients and the Biomedical Model of Pain. Virtual Mentor, 15(5), pp.455-459.

  • Journal

    Gardner, T., Refshauge, K., Smith, L., McAuley, J., Hübscher, M. and Goodall, S.

    Physiotherapists’ beliefs and attitudes influence clinical practice in chronic low back pain: a systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies

    2017 - Journal of Physiotherapy

    In-text: (Gardner et al., 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Gardner, T., Refshauge, K., Smith, L., McAuley, J., Hübscher, M. and Goodall, S. (2017). Physiotherapists’ beliefs and attitudes influence clinical practice in chronic low back pain: a systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies. Journal of Physiotherapy, 63(3), pp.132-143.

  • Journal

    Bishop, A., Foster, N. E., Thomas, E. and Hay, E. M.

    How does the self-reported clinical management of patients with low back pain relate to the attitudes and beliefs of health care practitioners? A survey of UK general practitioners and physiotherapists

    2008 - Pain

    In-text: (Bishop et al., 2008)

    Your Bibliography: Bishop, A., Foster, N., Thomas, E. and Hay, E. (2008). How does the self-reported clinical management of patients with low back pain relate to the attitudes and beliefs of health care practitioners? A survey of UK general practitioners and physiotherapists. Pain, 135(1), pp.187-195.

  • Journal

    Jacobs, C. M., Guildford, B. J., Travers, W., Davies, M. and McCracken, L. M.

    Brief psychologically informed physiotherapy training is associated with changes in physiotherapists’ attitudes and beliefs towards working with people with chronic pain

    2015 - British Journal of Pain

    In-text: (Jacobs et al., 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Jacobs, C., Guildford, B., Travers, W., Davies, M. and McCracken, L. (2015). Brief psychologically informed physiotherapy training is associated with changes in physiotherapists’ attitudes and beliefs towards working with people with chronic pain. British Journal of Pain, 10(1), pp.38-45.

  • Journal

    Francke, A. L., Smit, M. C., de Veer, A. J. and Mistiaen, P.

    Factors influencing the implementation of clinical guidelines for health care professionals: A systematic meta-review

    2008 - BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making

    In-text: (Francke et al., 2008)

    Your Bibliography: Francke, A., Smit, M., de Veer, A. and Mistiaen, P. (2008). Factors influencing the implementation of clinical guidelines for health care professionals: A systematic meta-review. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 8(1).

  • Journal

    Thomas, L.

    Clinical practice guidelines

    1999 - Evidence-Based Nursing

    In-text: (Thomas, 1999)

    Your Bibliography: Thomas, L. (1999). Clinical practice guidelines. Evidence-Based Nursing, 2, pp.38-39.

  • Journal

    Côté, A., Durand, M., Tousignant, M. and Poitras, S.

    Physiotherapists and Use of Low Back Pain Guidelines: A Qualitative Study of the Barriers and Facilitators

    2009 - Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation

    In-text: (Côté et al., 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Côté, A., Durand, M., Tousignant, M. and Poitras, S. (2009). Physiotherapists and Use of Low Back Pain Guidelines: A Qualitative Study of the Barriers and Facilitators. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 19(1), pp.94-105.

  • Journal

    May, S. and Donelson, R.

    Evidence-informed management of chronic low back pain with the McKenzie method

    2008 - The Spine Journal

    In-text: (May and Donelson, 2008)

    Your Bibliography: May, S. and Donelson, R. (2008). Evidence-informed management of chronic low back pain with the McKenzie method. The Spine Journal, 8(1), pp.134-141.

  • Journal

    Ryan, C., Murphy, D., Clark, M. and Lee, A.

    The effect of a physiotherapy education compared with a non-healthcare education on the attitudes and beliefs of students towards functioning in individuals with back pain: An observational, cross-sectional study

    2010 - Physiotherapy

    In-text: (Ryan et al., 2010)

    Your Bibliography: Ryan, C., Murphy, D., Clark, M. and Lee, A. (2010). The effect of a physiotherapy education compared with a non-healthcare education on the attitudes and beliefs of students towards functioning in individuals with back pain: An observational, cross-sectional study. Physiotherapy, 96(2), pp.144-150.

  • Journal

    Sibbald, B. and Roland, M.

    Understanding controlled trials: Why are randomised controlled trials important?

    1998 - BMJ

    In-text: (Sibbald and Roland, 1998)

    Your Bibliography: Sibbald, B. and Roland, M. (1998). Understanding controlled trials: Why are randomised controlled trials important?. BMJ, 316(7126), p.201.

  • Journal

    Latimer, J., Maher, C. and Refshauge, K.

    The Attitudes and Beliefs of Physiotherapy Students to Chronic Back Pain

    2004 - The Clinical Journal of Pain

    In-text: (Latimer, Maher and Refshauge, 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Latimer, J., Maher, C. and Refshauge, K. (2004). The Attitudes and Beliefs of Physiotherapy Students to Chronic Back Pain. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 20(1), pp.45-50.

  • Journal

    Domenech, J., Sánchez-Zuriaga, D., Segura-Ortí, E., Espejo-Tort, B. and Lisón, J. F.

    Impact of biomedical and biopsychosocial training sessions on the attitudes, beliefs, and recommendations of health care providers about low back pain: A randomised clinical trial

    2011 - Pain

    In-text: (Domenech et al., 2011)

    Your Bibliography: Domenech, J., Sánchez-Zuriaga, D., Segura-Ortí, E., Espejo-Tort, B. and Lisón, J. (2011). Impact of biomedical and biopsychosocial training sessions on the attitudes, beliefs, and recommendations of health care providers about low back pain: A randomised clinical trial. Pain, 152(11), pp.2557-2563.

  • Journal

    Quinn, T., Ryan, C. and Jones, D.

    Physiotherapy Students' Attitudes Towards the Functional Ability of Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain

    2014 - Pain and Rehabilitation - the Journal of Physiotherapy Pain Association

    In-text: (Quinn, Ryan and Jones, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Quinn, T., Ryan, C. and Jones, D. (2014). Physiotherapy Students' Attitudes Towards the Functional Ability of Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain. Pain and Rehabilitation - the Journal of Physiotherapy Pain Association, 2014(37).

  • Journal

    Brown, C. A.

    Mazes, Conflict, and Paradox: Tools for Understanding Chronic Pain

    2009 - Pain Practice

    In-text: (Brown, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Brown, C. (2009). Mazes, Conflict, and Paradox: Tools for Understanding Chronic Pain. Pain Practice, 9(3), pp.235-243.

  • Journal

    O'Sullivan, P.

    It's time for change with the management of non-specific chronic low back pain

    2011 - British Journal of Sports Medicine

    In-text: (O'Sullivan, 2011)

    Your Bibliography: O'Sullivan, P. (2011). It's time for change with the management of non-specific chronic low back pain. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 46(4), pp.224-227.

  • Book

    Berry, J., Poortinga, Y., Segall, M. and Dasen, P.

    Cross-Cultural Psychology: Research and Applications

    2002 - Cambridge University Press - Cambridge

    In-text: (Berry et al., 2002)

    Your Bibliography: Berry, J., Poortinga, Y., Segall, M. and Dasen, P. (2002). Cross-Cultural Psychology: Research and Applications. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.1-3.

  • Journal

    Rainville, J., Bagnall, D. and Phalen, L.

    Health Care Providersʼ Attitudes and Beliefs About Functinal Impairments And Chronic Back Pain

    1995 - The Clinical Journal of Pain

    In-text: (Rainville, Bagnall and Phalen, 1995)

    Your Bibliography: Rainville, J., Bagnall, D. and Phalen, L. (1995). Health Care Providersʼ Attitudes and Beliefs About Functinal Impairments And Chronic Back Pain. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 11(4), pp.287-295.

  • Journal

    Waddell, G., Newton, M., Henderson, I., Somerville, D. and Main, C.

    A Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) and the role of fear-avoidance beliefs in chronic low back pain and disability

    1993 - Pain

    In-text: (Waddell et al., 1993)

    Your Bibliography: Waddell, G., Newton, M., Henderson, I., Somerville, D. and Main, C. (1993). A Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) and the role of fear-avoidance beliefs in chronic low back pain and disability. Pain, 52(2), pp.157-168.

  • Journal

    Ostelo, R., Stomp-van den Berg, S., Vlaeyen, J., Wolters, P. and de Vet, H.

    Health care provider's attitudes and beliefs towards chronic low back pain: the development of a questionnaire

    2003 - Manual Therapy

    In-text: (Ostelo et al., 2003)

    Your Bibliography: Ostelo, R., Stomp-van den Berg, S., Vlaeyen, J., Wolters, P. and de Vet, H. (2003). Health care provider's attitudes and beliefs towards chronic low back pain: the development of a questionnaire. Manual Therapy, 8(4), pp.214-222.

  • Journal

    Pincus, T., Vogel, S., Santos, R., Breen, A., Foster, N. and Underwood, M.

    The Attitudes to Back Pain Scale in Musculoskeletal Practitioners (ABS-mp): the development and testing of a new questionnaire

    2006 - The Clinical Journal of Pain

    In-text: (Pincus et al., 2006)

    Your Bibliography: Pincus, T., Vogel, S., Santos, R., Breen, A., Foster, N. and Underwood, M. (2006). The Attitudes to Back Pain Scale in Musculoskeletal Practitioners (ABS-mp): the development and testing of a new questionnaire. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 22(4), pp.378-386.

  • Journal

    Coudeyre, E., Rannou, F., Tubach, F., Baron, G., Coriat, F., Brin, S., Revel, M. and Poiraudeau, S.

    General practitioners’ fear-avoidance beliefs influence their management of patients with low back pain

    2006 - Pain

    In-text: (Coudeyre et al., 2006)

    Your Bibliography: Coudeyre, E., Rannou, F., Tubach, F., Baron, G., Coriat, F., Brin, S., Revel, M. and Poiraudeau, S. (2006). General practitioners’ fear-avoidance beliefs influence their management of patients with low back pain. Pain, 124(3), pp.330-337.

  • Journal

    Bishop, A., Thomas, E. and Foster, N. E.

    Health care practitioners’ attitudes and beliefs about low back pain: A systematic search and critical review of available measurement tools

    2007 - Pain

    In-text: (Bishop, Thomas and Foster, 2007)

    Your Bibliography: Bishop, A., Thomas, E. and Foster, N. (2007). Health care practitioners’ attitudes and beliefs about low back pain: A systematic search and critical review of available measurement tools. Pain, 132(1), pp.91-101.

  • Journal

    Kamper, S. J., Apeldoorn, A. T., Chiarotto, A., Smeets, R. J., Ostelo, R. W., Guzman, J. and van Tulder, M. W.

    Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation for chronic low back pain

    2014 - Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

    In-text: (Kamper et al., 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Kamper, S., Apeldoorn, A., Chiarotto, A., Smeets, R., Ostelo, R., Guzman, J. and van Tulder, M. (2014). Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation for chronic low back pain. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

  • Journal

    Mackey, L. and Hurley, D.

    A comparison of physiotherapy students' and recently graduated physiotherapists' attitudes and beliefs to patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) in Ireland – A pilot study

    2014 - Physiotherapy Practice and Research

    In-text: (Mackey and Hurley, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Mackey, L. and Hurley, D. (2014). A comparison of physiotherapy students' and recently graduated physiotherapists' attitudes and beliefs to patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) in Ireland – A pilot study. Physiotherapy Practice and Research, 39(1), pp.101-109.

  • Website

    McLeod, S.

    What is Validity?

    2013

    In-text: (McLeod, 2013)

    Your Bibliography: McLeod, S. (2013). What is Validity?. [online] Simply Psychology. Available at: https://www.simplypsychology.org/validity.html [Accessed 13 Jan. 2018].

  • Book

    Guyatt, G., Rennie, D., Meade, M. and Cook, D.

    Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: Essentials of Evidence-Based Clinical Practice

    2015 - McGraw-Hill Education

    In-text: (Guyatt et al., 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Guyatt, G., Rennie, D., Meade, M. and Cook, D. (2015). Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: Essentials of Evidence-Based Clinical Practice. 3rd ed. McGraw-Hill Education.

  • Journal

    Riley, J., Ahern, D. and Follick, M.

    Chronic Pain and Functional Impairment: assessing beliefs about their relationship

    1988 - Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

    In-text: (Riley, Ahern and Follick, 1988)

    Your Bibliography: Riley, J., Ahern, D. and Follick, M. (1988). Chronic Pain and Functional Impairment: assessing beliefs about their relationship. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 69, pp.579-82.

  • Journal

    Houben, R. M. A., Vlaeyen, J. W. S., Peters, M., Ostelo, R. W. J. G., Wolters, P. M. J. C. and Stomp-van den Berg, S. G. M.

    Health Care Providers' Attitudes and Beliefs Towards Common Low Back Pain: Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of the HC-PAIRS

    2004 - The Clinical Journal of Pain

    In-text: (Houben et al., 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Houben, R., Vlaeyen, J., Peters, M., Ostelo, R., Wolters, P. and Stomp-van den Berg, S. (2004). Health Care Providers' Attitudes and Beliefs Towards Common Low Back Pain: Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of the HC-PAIRS. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 20(1), pp.37-44.

  • Journal

    Haywood, K. L., Hargreaves, J., White, R. and Lamb, S. E.

    Reviewing measures of outcome: reliability of data extraction

    2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice

    In-text: (Haywood et al., 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Haywood, K., Hargreaves, J., White, R. and Lamb, S. (2004). Reviewing measures of outcome: reliability of data extraction. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 10(2), pp.329-337.

  • Journal

    Scientific Advisory Committee of the Medical Outcomes Trust

    Assessing Health Status and Quality-of-Life Instruments: Attributes and Review Criteria

    2002 - Quality of Life Research

    In-text: (Scientific Advisory Committee of the Medical Outcomes Trust, 2002)

    Your Bibliography: Scientific Advisory Committee of the Medical Outcomes Trust (2002). Assessing Health Status and Quality-of-Life Instruments: Attributes and Review Criteria. Quality of Life Research, 11(3), pp.193-205.

  • Journal

    du Prel, J., Rohrig, B. and Blettner, M.

    Critical Appraisal of Scientific Articles

    2009 - Dtsch Arztebl Int

    In-text: (du Prel, Rohrig and Blettner, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: du Prel, J., Rohrig, B. and Blettner, M. (2009). Critical Appraisal of Scientific Articles. Dtsch Arztebl Int, 106(7), pp.100-105.

  • Journal

    Biau, D. J., Kernéis, S. and Porcher, R.

    Statistics in Brief: The Importance of Sample Size in the Planning and Interpretation of Medical Research

    2008 - Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

    In-text: (Biau, Kernéis and Porcher, 2008)

    Your Bibliography: Biau, D., Kernéis, S. and Porcher, R. (2008). Statistics in Brief: The Importance of Sample Size in the Planning and Interpretation of Medical Research. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 466(9), pp.2282-2288.

  • Journal

    Airaksinen, O., Brox, J. I., Cedraschi, C., Hildebrandt, J., Klaber-Moffett, J., Kovacs, F., Mannion, A. F., Reis, S., Staal, J. B., Ursin, H. and Zanoli, G.

    Chapter 4 European guidelines for the management of chronic nonspecific low back pain

    2006 - European Spine Journal

    In-text: (Airaksinen et al., 2006)

    Your Bibliography: Airaksinen, O., Brox, J., Cedraschi, C., Hildebrandt, J., Klaber-Moffett, J., Kovacs, F., Mannion, A., Reis, S., Staal, J., Ursin, H. and Zanoli, G. (2006). Chapter 4 European guidelines for the management of chronic nonspecific low back pain. European Spine Journal, 15(S2), pp.s192-s300.

  • Journal

    Rusticus, S. and Lovato, C.

    Power of Equivalence Tests

    2014 - Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation

    In-text: (Rusticus and Lovato, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Rusticus, S. and Lovato, C. (2014). Power of Equivalence Tests. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 19(11).

  • Journal

    Bowey-Morris, J., Purcell-Jones, G. and Watson, P. J.

    Test-Retest Reliability of the Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale and Sensitivity to Change in a General Practitioner Population

    2010 - The Clinical Journal of Pain

    In-text: (Bowey-Morris, Purcell-Jones and Watson, 2010)

    Your Bibliography: Bowey-Morris, J., Purcell-Jones, G. and Watson, P. (2010). Test-Retest Reliability of the Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale and Sensitivity to Change in a General Practitioner Population. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 26(2), pp.144-152.

  • Journal

    Hunter, A. and Brewer, J.

    Designing Multimethod Research

    2016 - Oxford Handbooks

    In-text: (Hunter and Brewer, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Hunter, A. and Brewer, J. (2016). Designing Multimethod Research. Oxford Handbooks. [online] Available at: http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199933624.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199933624-e-13 [Accessed 3 Jan. 2018].

  • Book

    Fink, A.

    Conducting research literature reviews

    2014 - Sage - Los Angeles, Calif.

    In-text: (Fink, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Fink, A. (2014). Conducting research literature reviews. 4th ed. Los Angeles, Calif.: Sage.

  • Journal

    Mingers, J. and Brocklesby, J.

    Multimethodology: Towards a framework for mixing methodologies

    1997 - Omega

    In-text: (Mingers and Brocklesby, 1997)

    Your Bibliography: Mingers, J. and Brocklesby, J. (1997). Multimethodology: Towards a framework for mixing methodologies. Omega, 25(5), pp.489-509.

  • Journal

    Highleyman, L.

    A guide to clinical trials. Part II: interpreting medical research.

    2006 - Beta

    In-text: (Highleyman, 2006)

    Your Bibliography: Highleyman, L. (2006). A guide to clinical trials. Part II: interpreting medical research. Beta, 18(2), pp.41-7.

  • Journal

    van Teijlingen, E. and Hundley, V.

    The importance of pilot studies

    2002 - Nursing Standard

    In-text: (van Teijlingen and Hundley, 2002)

    Your Bibliography: van Teijlingen, E. and Hundley, V. (2002). The importance of pilot studies. Nursing Standard, 16(40), pp.33-36.

  • Journal

    Bolarinwa, O.

    Principles and methods of validity and reliability testing of questionnaires used in social and health science researches

    2015 - Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal

    In-text: (Bolarinwa, 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Bolarinwa, O. (2015). Principles and methods of validity and reliability testing of questionnaires used in social and health science researches. Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal, 22(4), p.195.

  • Journal

    Leon, A. C., Davis, L. L. and Kraemer, H. C.

    The role and interpretation of pilot studies in clinical research

    2011 - Journal of Psychiatric Research

    In-text: (Leon, Davis and Kraemer, 2011)

    Your Bibliography: Leon, A., Davis, L. and Kraemer, H. (2011). The role and interpretation of pilot studies in clinical research. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 45(5), pp.626-629.

  • Journal

    Rainville, J., Carlson, N., Polatin, P., Gatchel, R. J. and Indahl, A.

    Exploration of Physicians’ Recommendations for Activities in Chronic Low Back Pain

    2000 - Spine

    In-text: (Rainville et al., 2000)

    Your Bibliography: Rainville, J., Carlson, N., Polatin, P., Gatchel, R. and Indahl, A. (2000). Exploration of Physicians’ Recommendations for Activities in Chronic Low Back Pain. Spine, 25(17), pp.2210-2220.

  • Journal

    Moran, R. W., Rushworth, W. M. and Mason, J.

    Investigation of four self-report instruments (FABT, TSK-HC, Back-PAQ, HC-PAIRS) to measure healthcare practitioners' attitudes and beliefs toward low back pain: Reliability, convergent validity and survey of New Zealand osteopaths and manipulative physiotherapists

    2017 - Musculoskeletal Science and Practice

    In-text: (Moran, Rushworth and Mason, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Moran, R., Rushworth, W. and Mason, J. (2017). Investigation of four self-report instruments (FABT, TSK-HC, Back-PAQ, HC-PAIRS) to measure healthcare practitioners' attitudes and beliefs toward low back pain: Reliability, convergent validity and survey of New Zealand osteopaths and manipulative physiotherapists. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, 32, pp.44-50.

  • Book

    Christensen, L., Johnson, R. and Turner, L.

    Research Methods, Design, and Analysis

    2015 - Pearson Education Limited - Harlow

    In-text: (Christensen, Johnson and Turner, 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Christensen, L., Johnson, R. and Turner, L. (2015). Research Methods, Design, and Analysis. 12th ed. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.

  • Journal

    Dimitrov, D. and Rumrill, P.

    Pretest-posttest designs and measurement of change

    2003 - WORK

    In-text: (Dimitrov and Rumrill, 2003)

    Your Bibliography: Dimitrov, D. and Rumrill, P. (2003). Pretest-posttest designs and measurement of change. WORK, 20(2), pp.159-165.

  • Legislation

    Data Protection Act of 1998

    1998 - Parliament

    In-text: (Data Protection Act of 1998)

    Your Bibliography: Data Protection Act of 1998.

  • Book

    Hammersley, M. and Traianou, A.

    Ethics in qualitative research

    2012 - Sage

    In-text: (Hammersley and Traianou, 2012)

    Your Bibliography: Hammersley, M. and Traianou, A. (2012). Ethics in qualitative research. Sage.

  • Book

    O'Brien, P. M. S. and Broughton-Pipkin, F.

    Introduction to research methodology for specialist trainees

    2007 - RCOG Press - London

    In-text: (O'Brien and Broughton-Pipkin, 2007)

    Your Bibliography: O'Brien, P. and Broughton-Pipkin, F. (2007). Introduction to research methodology for specialist trainees. London: RCOG Press.

  • Book

    Hicks, C.

    Research methods for clinical therapists

    2009 - Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier - Edinburgh

    In-text: (Hicks, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Hicks, C. (2009). Research methods for clinical therapists. 5th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier.

  • Journal

    Terwee, C. B., Bot, S. D., de Boer, M. R., van der Windt, D. A., Knol, D. L., Dekker, J., Bouter, L. M. and de Vet, H. C.

    Quality criteria were proposed for measurement properties of health status questionnaires

    2007 - Journal of Clinical Epidemiology

    In-text: (Terwee et al., 2007)

    Your Bibliography: Terwee, C., Bot, S., de Boer, M., van der Windt, D., Knol, D., Dekker, J., Bouter, L. and de Vet, H. (2007). Quality criteria were proposed for measurement properties of health status questionnaires. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 60(1), pp.34-42.

  • Journal

    Marx, R. G., Menezes, A., Horovitz, L., Jones, E. C. and Warren, R. F.

    A comparison of two time intervals for test-retest reliability of health status instruments

    2003 - Journal of Clinical Epidemiology

    In-text: (Marx et al., 2003)

    Your Bibliography: Marx, R., Menezes, A., Horovitz, L., Jones, E. and Warren, R. (2003). A comparison of two time intervals for test-retest reliability of health status instruments. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 56(8), pp.730-735.

  • Book

    Bauer, J. C.

    Statistical analysis for decision makers in healthcare

    2009 - CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group - Boca Raton

    In-text: (Bauer, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Bauer, J. (2009). Statistical analysis for decision makers in healthcare. Boca Raton: CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Group.

  • Book

    Drummond, A. and Campling, J.

    Research Methods for Therapists

    1996 - Springer - California

    In-text: (Drummond and Campling, 1996)

    Your Bibliography: Drummond, A. and Campling, J. (1996). Research Methods for Therapists. 1st ed. California: Springer.

  • Book

    Bryman, A. and Cramer, D.

    Quantitative Data Analysis with SPSS 12 and 13: A Guide for Social Scientists

    2004 - Routledge - Hove

    In-text: (Bryman and Cramer, 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Bryman, A. and Cramer, D. (2004). Quantitative Data Analysis with SPSS 12 and 13: A Guide for Social Scientists. Hove: Routledge.

  • Book

    Streiner, D. L., Norman, G. R. and Cairney, J.

    Health measurement scales

    2015 - Oxford University Press - Oxford

    In-text: (Streiner, Norman and Cairney, 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Streiner, D., Norman, G. and Cairney, J. (2015). Health measurement scales. 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Website

    Guy, M.

    Types of data measurement scales: nominal, ordinal, interval

    2013

    In-text: (Guy, 2013)

    Your Bibliography: Guy, M. (2013). Types of data measurement scales: nominal, ordinal, interval. [online] My Market Research Methods. Available at: http://www.mymarketresearchmethods.com/types-of-data-nominal-ordinal-interval-ratio/ [Accessed 3 Mar. 2018].

  • Website

    Zaiontz, C.

    Weighted Cohen's Kappa

    2014

    In-text: (Zaiontz, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Zaiontz, C. (2014). Weighted Cohen's Kappa. [online] Real Statistics. Available at: http://www.real-statistics.com/reliability/weighted-cohens-kappa/ [Accessed 4 Mar. 2018].

  • Book

    Portney, L. G. and Watkins, M. P.

    Foundations of Clinical Research

    2014 - Pearson Education Limited - Harlow

    In-text: (Portney and Watkins, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Portney, L. and Watkins, M. (2014). Foundations of Clinical Research. 3rd ed. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.

  • Book

    Denham, B. E.

    Interrater Agreement Measures for Nominal and Ordinal Data

    2017 - Wiley Online Library

    In-text: (Denham, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Denham, B. (2017). Interrater Agreement Measures for Nominal and Ordinal Data. 1st ed. Wiley Online Library.

  • Journal

    Landis, J. R. and Koch, G. G.

    The Measurement of Observer Agreement for Categorical Data

    1977 - Biometrics

    In-text: (Landis and Koch, 1977)

    Your Bibliography: Landis, J. and Koch, G. (1977). The Measurement of Observer Agreement for Categorical Data. Biometrics, 33(1), p.159.

  • Journal

    Faber, J. and Fonseca, L. M.

    How sample size influences research outcomes

    2014 - Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics

    In-text: (Faber and Fonseca, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Faber, J. and Fonseca, L. (2014). How sample size influences research outcomes. Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics, 19(4), pp.27-29.

  • Journal

    Sullivan, G. M.

    A Primer on the Validity of Assessment Instruments

    2011 - Journal of Graduate Medical Education

    In-text: (Sullivan, 2011)

    Your Bibliography: Sullivan, G. (2011). A Primer on the Validity of Assessment Instruments. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 3(2), pp.119-120.

  • Encyclopedia article

    Salkind, N.

    Test Re-test Reliability

    2010 - SAGE Publications Ltd

    In-text: (Salkind, 2010)

    Your Bibliography: Salkind, N. (2010). Test Re-test Reliability. In: Encyclopedia of Research Design. SAGE Publications Ltd.

  • Blog

    Hobbs, M.

    What is test-retest reliability and why is it important?

    2016 - Cambridge Cognition

    In-text: (Hobbs, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Hobbs, M. (2016). What is test-retest reliability and why is it important?. [Blog] Cambridge Cognition. Available at: http://www.cambridgecognition.com/blog/entry/what-is-test-retest-reliability-and-why-is-it-important [Accessed 1 Feb. 2018].

  • Journal

    Kennedy, N., Healy, J. and O'Sullivan, K.

    The Beliefs of Third-Level Healthcare Students towards Low-Back Pain

    2014 - Pain Research and Treatment

    In-text: (Kennedy, Healy and O'Sullivan, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Kennedy, N., Healy, J. and O'Sullivan, K. (2014). The Beliefs of Third-Level Healthcare Students towards Low-Back Pain. Pain Research and Treatment. [online] Available at: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/prt/2014/675915/ [Accessed 4 Feb. 2018].

  • Journal

    Martínez-Mesa, J., González-Chica, A., Pereira Duquia, R., Rangel Bonamigo, R. and Luiz Bastos, J.

    Sampling: how to select participants in my research study?

    2016 - Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia

    In-text: (Martínez-Mesa et al., 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Martínez-Mesa, J., González-Chica, A., Pereira Duquia, R., Rangel Bonamigo, R. and Luiz Bastos, J. (2016). Sampling: how to select participants in my research study?. Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia, 91(3), pp.326-330.

  • Journal

    Banerjee, A., Chitnis, U., Jadhav, S., Bhawalkar, J. and Chaudhury, S.

    Hypothesis testing, type I and type II errors

    2009 - Industrial Psychiatry Journal

    In-text: (Banerjee et al., 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Banerjee, A., Chitnis, U., Jadhav, S., Bhawalkar, J. and Chaudhury, S. (2009). Hypothesis testing, type I and type II errors. Industrial Psychiatry Journal, 18(2), p.127.

  • Journal

    Wendler, D. and Miller, F. G.

    Deception in the Pursuit of Science

    2004 - Archives of Internal Medicine

    In-text: (Wendler and Miller, 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Wendler, D. and Miller, F. (2004). Deception in the Pursuit of Science. Archives of Internal Medicine, 164(6), p.597.

  • Website

    Cardiff University

    Physiotherapy (BSc)

    In-text: (Cardiff University, n.d.)

    Your Bibliography: Cardiff University (n.d.). Physiotherapy (BSc). [online] Cardiff University. Available at: https://www.cardiff.ac.uk/study/undergraduate/courses/2018/physiotherapy-bsc [Accessed 7 Feb. 2018].

  • Journal

    Tan, B., Smith, A., O'Sullivan, P., Chen, G. and Burnett, A.

    Low Back Pain Beliefs and Their Relationships with Low Back Pain-Related Disability in Nurses Working in Mainland China and in Australia

    2015 - Journal of Cultural Diversity

    In-text: (Tan et al., 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Tan, B., Smith, A., O'Sullivan, P., Chen, G. and Burnett, A. (2015). Low Back Pain Beliefs and Their Relationships with Low Back Pain-Related Disability in Nurses Working in Mainland China and in Australia. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 22(3).

  • Journal

    Burnett, A., Sze, C. C., Tam, S. M., Yeung, K. M., Leong, M., Wang, W. T., Tan, B. and OʼSullivan, P.

    A Cross-cultural Study of the Back Pain Beliefs of Female Undergraduate Healthcare Students

    2009 - The Clinical Journal of Pain

    In-text: (Burnett et al., 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Burnett, A., Sze, C., Tam, S., Yeung, K., Leong, M., Wang, W., Tan, B. and OʼSullivan, P. (2009). A Cross-cultural Study of the Back Pain Beliefs of Female Undergraduate Healthcare Students. The Clinical Journal of Pain, 25(1), pp.20-28.

  • Journal

    Mohan, D., Fischhoff, B., Farris, C., Switzer, G. E., Rosengart, M. R., Yealy, D. M., Saul, M., Angus, D. C. and Barnato, A. E.

    Validating a Vignette-Based Instrument to Study Physician Decision Making in Trauma Triage

    2013 - Medical Decision Making

    In-text: (Mohan et al., 2013)

    Your Bibliography: Mohan, D., Fischhoff, B., Farris, C., Switzer, G., Rosengart, M., Yealy, D., Saul, M., Angus, D. and Barnato, A. (2013). Validating a Vignette-Based Instrument to Study Physician Decision Making in Trauma Triage. Medical Decision Making, 34(2), pp.242-252.

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