These are the sources and citations used to research Music as creative practice. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Book

    Becker, H. S.

    Art worlds

    2012 - University of California Press - Berkeley, Calif

    "the network of people whose cooperative activity, organized via their joint knowledge of conventional means of doing things, produces the kind of art works that art world is noted for"

    In-text: (Becker, 2012)

    Your Bibliography: Becker, H. (2012). Art worlds. Berkeley, Calif: University of California Press, p.10.

  • Book

    Chion, M., Gorbman, C. and Murch, W.


    1994 - Columbia University Press - New York

    The expressive and informative value with which a sound enriches a given images so as to create the definite impression, in the immediate or remembers experience one has of it, that this information or expression "naturally" comes from what is seen, and is already contained in the image itself.

    In-text: (Chion, Gorbman and Murch, 1994)

    Your Bibliography: Chion, M., Gorbman, C. and Murch, W. (1994). Audio-vision. New York: Columbia University Press.

  • Book

    Dickinson, K. and Gorbman, C.

    Movie music, the film reader

    2003 - Routledge - London

    In-text: (Dickinson and Gorbman, 2003)

    Your Bibliography: Dickinson, K. and Gorbman, C. (2003). Movie music, the film reader. London: Routledge, p.40.

  • Website



    In-text: (, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: (2017). Leitmotif. [online] Available at: [Accessed 18 Dec. 2017].

  • Book

    Hesmondhalgh, D.

    Why music matters

    2013 - John Wiley & Sons Ltd - Chichester, West Sussex, UK

    In-text: (Hesmondhalgh, 2013)

    Your Bibliography: Hesmondhalgh, D. (2013). Why music matters. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • Book

    Johnston, R. F.

    Twilight in the Forbidden City

    2010 - Soul Care Pub. - Burnaby, B.C.

    In-text: (Johnston, 2010)

    Your Bibliography: Johnston, R. (2010). Twilight in the Forbidden City. Burnaby, B.C.: Soul Care Pub.

  • Book

    Ryuichi, S.

    Music Is Freedom

    2017 - Shinchosha - Japan

    In-text: (Ryuichi, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Ryuichi, S. (2017). Music Is Freedom. Japan: Shinchosha, pp.175-196.

  • Website

    Svennevig, M. and Morrison, D.

    The Public Interest, the Media and Privacy


    “The broad concept of ‘the public interest’ is familiar to large proportions of the public, and it is considered a suitable defence for media intrusion of privacy under appropriate circumstances. However, there did not seem to be any one firm definition of the term.”

    In-text: (Svennevig and Morrison, 2002)

    Your Bibliography: Svennevig, M. and Morrison, D. (2002). The Public Interest, the Media and Privacy.

  • DVD, video, or film

    Bertolucci, B.

    The Last Emperor


    “In February 1912, 200-years imperial rule came to an end with abdication of the Manchuria Qing Dynasty, replaced by the Republic. According to the treaty between the Empire and the First Republic, the Emperor could retain his title and without being abolished. He could retain his palaces plus be paid an annual subsidy of 4 million dollars and the Republic guaranteed to protect Imperial tombs perpetuity. In return, the Dynasty must surrender its right to rule the country.”

    In-text: (The Last Emperor, 1987)

    Your Bibliography: The Last Emperor. (1987). [DVD] Directed by B. Bertolucci.

  • Book

    Thomas, T.

    The Art and Craft of Movie Music

    1993 - Riverwood Press

    In-text: (Thomas, 1993)

    Your Bibliography: Thomas, T. (1993). The Art and Craft of Movie Music. Riverwood Press, p.280.

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