Guide: How to cite a Patent in APS style

Guide: How to cite a Patent in APS style

Cite A Patent in APS style

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Use the following template to cite a patent using the APS citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the APS style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


[1] Author Initial.  Author Surname, Patent Number (Year Published).


[1] A.  Bellamy, in An Introduction To International Relations, A.  Burke, R.  Devetak and J.  Georgeed. by , 2nd ed. (Cambridge University Press, 2012), pp. 219-229.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




In early 2003, millions of people took to the streets of capital cities throughout the West to protest their government’s decision to join the US in the invasion of Iraq. Protesters argued that the invasion was immoral (because innocent civilians would die), illegal (because it was neither an act of self-defence nor explicitly authorised by the UN Security Council) and unnecessary (because they did not believe – rightly as it turned out – that conclusive evidence of Saddam’s weapons of mass destruction (WMD) program had been presented). In response, the US and its allies mixed legal justifications with moral and strategic claims. They argued that the war was legal because it had been tacitly authorised by UN Security Council resolutions dealing with Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait in 1990; morally just, because it aimed to overthrow a tyrannical regime that had butchered hundreds of thousands of its own citizens; and strategically important because Saddam’s WMD program threatened regional security and raised the possibility of a nightmare scenario long predicted by terrorism experts – a rogue regime passing WMD capabilities to terrorist groups.  [1]

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