Guide: How to cite a Email in Harvard - City University London style

Guide: How to cite a Email in Harvard - City University London style

Cite A Email in Harvard - City University London style

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Use the following template to cite a email using the Harvard - City University London citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Harvard - City University London style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published) 'Title'.


Howard, M. and Millard, A. (1997) Hunger and shame. New York: Routledge.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname, Year Published)


"family's poverty: a cause of shame that impedes efforts of parents to find adequate food and medical care for their children."

"poverty and inequality have always existed throughout the history. However the phenomena of intractable poverty and boundless accumulation of wealth is a recent phenomena."

notes social ostracism of impoverished families. Researching child malnutrition in Kilimanjaro, she found that the impoverished families were referred as "hawa watu" (literally "these people") - a common referent used to distance oneself from the poor.

notes that the influence of European capitalism set "progress through competition among individuals in a stratified society, educational achievement, and wealth of achievers." as a standard in which "poverty" is considered a failure, and thus, the system shames impoverished individuals.

"Poor people often said, 'you can not get help from anyone. But the author observed cooperation among them." (Howard and Millard, 1997)

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