Guide: How to cite a Encyclopedia article in IOP style

Guide: How to cite a Encyclopedia article in IOP style

Cite A Encyclopedia article in IOP style

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Use the following template to cite a encyclopedia article using the IOP citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the IOP style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname Author Initial Year Published Title Publication Title Pages Used


Anon 2015 Preliminary Results for the year ended 31 January 2015 (Saga Plc) Online:

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname Year Published)


Travel revenue up 15.2% to £381.3m (2014: £331.0m) from an 11.0% increase in holiday passengers and 6.7% increase in ship passenger days. Trading EBITDA up 29.4% to £26.0m (2014: £20.1m)
Both our tour operating and Cruising businesses expanded. Overall revenues of
£381.3m grew by 15.2% and Trading EBITDA of £26.0m by 29.4%. We took just under 200,000 customers on a holiday or cruise in the last year. (Anon 2015)

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