Guide: How to cite a Conference proceedings in PAIN style

Guide: How to cite a Conference proceedings in PAIN style

Cite A Conference proceedings in PAIN style

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Use the following template to cite a conference proceedings using the PAIN citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the PAIN style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


[1] Author Surname Author Initial. Title. Publication Title. City: Publisher, Year Published. p. Pages Used. Available: http://Website-Url. Accessed Date Accessed.


[1] Daily mail. Ban on smoking in cars will be passed into law within weeks and come into force in October 2015.  2015. Available:

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt has since been consulting on the detail of the law changes, which will be made under provisions in the Children and Families Act.
Campaign group Ash – Action on Smoking and Health – had urged ministers to bring in the law change before May’s General Election.
Chief executive Deborah Arnott said: ‘Cars are small tin boxes where concentrations of tobacco smoke can reach dangerous levels very quickly.
‘The time has come for it to be illegal to make children breathe in these toxic fumes.’ [1]

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