Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in PAIN style

Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in PAIN style

Cite A E-book or PDF in PAIN style

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Use the following template to cite a e-book or pdf using the PAIN citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the PAIN style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


[1] Author Surname Author Initial. Title. City: Publisher, Year Published Pages Used p. Available: http://Website-Url. Accessed Date Accessed.


[1] Sustainability Curriculum Framework. 1st ed. NSW Australia: Australian Government, 2009 9 p. Available: Accessed 1 May 2015.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




learning to take action that will result in people living more sustainably is the central goal of the framework, as the acquisition of knowledge and skill has little meaning if it does not lead to effective action [1]

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