Guide: How to cite a Encyclopedia article in TF-NLM style

Guide: How to cite a Encyclopedia article in TF-NLM style

Cite A Encyclopedia article in TF-NLM style

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Use the following template to cite a encyclopedia article using the TF-NLM citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the TF-NLM style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


1. Author Surname Author Initial. Title. Publication Title. City: Publisher; Year Published. p. Pages Used. .


1. CRS Report for Congress. International Law and the Preemptive Use of Force Against Iraq [Internet]. 2003 [cited 28 April 2015]. Available from:

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




Iraq has become an occasion to revisit the issue. Iraq had not attacked the U.S., nor
did it appear to pose an imminent threat of attack in traditional military terms. As a
consequence, it seems doubtful that the use of force against Iraq could be deemed to meet the traditional legal tests justifying preemptive attack. [1]

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