Guide: How to cite a Newspaper in Harvard - The Open University style

Guide: How to cite a Newspaper in Harvard - The Open University style

Cite A Newspaper in Harvard - The Open University style

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Use the following template to cite a newspaper using the Harvard - The Open University citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Harvard - The Open University style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published) 'Title', Publication Title, [online] Available from: http://Website URL (Accessed Date Accessed).


Muskogee Phoenix, (2009) 'Habits are killing us', [online] Available from:

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname, Year Published)


Even if you don’t have a problem with any of the big three negative health behaviors, the chances are that you are affected by someone who does.

Dr. Jim Baker, medical director at Care ATC, a mobile health care business, gave an example.

“You may not be obese, use tobacco, or get too little physical activity,” he said. “But if your uncle does and has a major stroke, and you become the major caregiver, your life is changed forever.”

Baker talked about the dynamics of how behaviors become entrenched.

“With eating, taste is learned, so when the meal preparer of the household fixes a meal, that person eating that meal will usually go back to that flavor because it is familiar,” he said. “And that’s a real problem if the parents have driven the kids to a fast-food restaurant and they get them a burger and fries. That’s what children will ask for. And so when people begin to eat on their own, and you expose them to flavors they have come to know and love, it becomes very difficult to put alternatives in front of them. It’s not impossible, but it is something that you have to struggle with.

Parental influence also is a major factor in the perpetuation of tobacco use.

“The secondhand smoke issue is just tremendous,” Baker said. “And if kids see parents smoke, certainly they are going to be more prone to take up the habit. Children really do watch their parents. They’ll do anything for attention. If that means taking up negative habits, then that’s what they’ll do.”

Baker said intervening in the handing-down of destructive behaviors is essential to stopping tobacco use.

“If dad dips tobacco, that little boy is going to grow up to be just like dad, and he’s going to want to dip, too,” he said. “So we need to let those parents know that they really need to stop. That if they really want to end the habits of tobacco use and early lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and all the problems that go with tobacco use, they need to look at trying to stop the habits for themselves. What we need to do is put our parents or primary caretakers in situations that are going to make them successful.”

Behavior changes don’t have to be difficult and can be a source of pleasure, Baker said.

“As far as exercise, if the family times their walk together, or takes the dog for a walk and each family member is there, that’s going to become an enjoyable exercise,” he said.

Exercise then becomes associated with good feelings the make it easier to maintain regular physical activity.

“So a child is going to want to reproduce that later in life,” he said. “Basically their parents have taught them exercise by that. It’s a very simple thing to do. If you make it a pleasant moment, then you have captured that to where it’s something expected. That’s the kind of behaviors we need to see in society and especially in Muskogee where we are sedentary and predisposed to obesity, diabetes and heart attacks.” (Muskogee Phoenix, 2009)

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