Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in The Open University (numeric) style

Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in The Open University (numeric) style

Cite A E-book or PDF in The Open University (numeric) style

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Use the following template to cite a e-book or pdf using the The Open University (numeric) citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the The Open University (numeric) style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


1  Author Surname, Author Forename (Year Published) Title,  City, Publisher. [online] Available from: http://Website-Url (Accessed 10 October 2013)


1  Orpett Long, S., Akande, Y. S., Purdy, R. W. and Nakano, K. (2008) 'Deepening Learning and Inspiring Rigor: Bridging Academic and Experiential Learning Using a Host Country Approach to a Study Tour'. Journal of Studies in International Education, 14(1), pp. 89-111.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




joining study tour allows adolescents to have high academic standards, personal growth, and also deepened engagement with local culture [1]

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