Guide: How to cite a Broadcast in WCMC style

Guide: How to cite a Broadcast in WCMC style

Cite A Broadcast in WCMC style

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Use the following template to cite a broadcast using the WCMC citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the WCMC style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


1. Title.  Year Published.


1. Anderson D, Hansen B, Rees D. Medical Marijuana Laws and Teen Marijuana Use. SSRN Journal. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2067431.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




In order to examine the relationship between medical marijuana laws and youth consumption, we draw on data from the national and state Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS) for the years 1993 through 2011. These data cover a period when 16 states, including California, Colorado, Montana, Oregon and Washington, legalized medical marijuana, and allow us to estimate the effect of legalization on outcomes such as marijuana use in the past month, frequent marijuana use, and the use of other substances such as alcohol and cocaine. 

Our results are not consistent with the hypothesis that the legalization of medical marijuana caused an increase in the use of marijuana and other substances among high school students. In fact, estimates from our preferred specifications are consistently negative and are never statistically distinguishable from zero. Using the 95 percent confidence interval around these estimates suggests that the impact of legalizing medical marijuana on the probability of marijuana use in the past 30 days is no larger than 0.8 percentage points, and the impact of legalization on the probability of frequent marijuana use in the past 30 days is no larger than 0.7 percentage points. In comparison, based on nationally representative data from Monitoring the Future, marijuana use in the past 30 days among 12th graders increased by 4.3 percentage points from 2006 to 2011 (Johnston et al. 2011); based on national YRBS data, marijuana use among high school students increased by 3.4 percentage points from 2007 to 2001. 

In addition to the YRBS analysis, we examine data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97) and the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). The NLSY97 allows us to follow survey respondents over time, while the TEDS data allow us to examine a high-risk population. There is little evidence that marijuana use is related to the legalization of medical marijuana in either of these data sources, a result that is consistent with research showing that marijuana use among adults is more sensitive to changes in policy than marijuana use among youths (Farrelly et al. 1999; Williams 2004). 

Although our estimates do not lend support to the often-voiced argument that legalization leads to increased consumption of marijuana among teenagers, it is important to note that our study has at least one limitation: the YRBS data are only available through 2011 and the TEDS data are only available through 2009. In the past year, several states have seen dramatic changes to the market for medical marijuana. For instance, as a result of Drug Enforcement Agency raids, the number of providers in Montana has plummeted. As future waves of the YRBS are released, researchers will be in a position to update our estimates and explore whether these changes have affected the behavior of teenagers. [1]

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