These are the sources and citations used to research Dissertation. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Journal

    Altheide, D. L.

    Moral panic: From sociological concept to public discourse

    2009 - Crime, Media, Culture: An International Journal

    In-text: (Altheide, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Altheide, D., 2009. Moral panic: From sociological concept to public discourse. Crime, Media, Culture: An International Journal, 5(1), pp.79-99.

  • E-book or PDF

    Amnesty International

    TRAPPED IN THE MATRIX Secrecy, stigma, and bias in the Met’s Gangs Database

    2018

    In-text: (Amnesty International, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Amnesty International, 2018. TRAPPED IN THE MATRIX Secrecy, stigma, and bias in the Met’s Gangs Database. [ebook] Available at: <https://www.amnesty.org.uk/files/2018-05/Inside%20the%20matrix.pdf?VtHJ_NawP4favLWa0mjswpaSStRrPneB=> [Accessed 1 May 2019].

  • Book

    Antrobus, S.

    Dying to belong

    2009 - Centre for Social Justice - London

    In-text: (Antrobus, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Antrobus, S., 2009. Dying to belong. London: Centre for Social Justice.

  • Website

    Baker, N.

    Map reveals territories of London's 200+ gangs - see who controls YOUR streets

    2018

    In-text: (Baker, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Baker, N., 2018. Map reveals territories of London's 200+ gangs - see who controls YOUR streets. [online] The Sun. Available at: <https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/7201715/map-london-gangs-territories/> [Accessed 18 April 2019].

  • Journal

    Barrows, J. and Huff, C. R.

    Gangs and public policy

    2009 - Criminology & Public Policy

    In-text: (Barrows and Huff, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Barrows, J. and Huff, C., 2009. Gangs and public policy. Criminology & Public Policy, 8(4), pp.675-703.

  • Website

    Stephen Lawrence murder: A timeline

    2018

    In-text: (Stephen Lawrence murder: A timeline, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: BBC News. 2018. Stephen Lawrence murder: A timeline. [online] Available at: <https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-26465916> [Accessed 7 May 2019].

  • Website

    How have police attitudes to race changed?

    2019

    In-text: (How have police attitudes to race changed?, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: BBC News. 2019. How have police attitudes to race changed?. [online] Available at: <https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-47161480> [Accessed 7 May 2019].

  • Newspaper

    BBC

    Knife crime: Fatal stabbings at highest level since records began in 1946

    2019 - BBC

    In-text: (BBC, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: BBC, 2019. Knife crime: Fatal stabbings at highest level since records began in 1946. [online] Available at: <https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-47156957> [Accessed 4 May 2019].

  • Website

    Ben Leapman, H. A. C.

    Violent youth crime up a third

    2008

    In-text: (Ben Leapman, 2008)

    Your Bibliography: Ben Leapman, H., 2008. Violent youth crime up a third. [online] Telegraph.co.uk. Available at: <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1576076/violent-youth-crime-up-a-third.html> [Accessed 29 April 2019].

  • Journal

    Bennett, T. and Holloway, K.

    Gang Membership, Drugs and Crime in the UK

    2004 - British Journal of Criminology

    In-text: (Bennett and Holloway, 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Bennett, T. and Holloway, K., 2004. Gang Membership, Drugs and Crime in the UK. British Journal of Criminology, 44(3), pp.305-323.

  • Book

    Berger, A.

    Media and Society: A Critical Perspective

    2012 - Rowman and Littlefield Publishers - Plymouth UK

    In-text: (Berger, 2012)

    Your Bibliography: Berger, A., 2012. Media and Society: A Critical Perspective. 3rd ed. Plymouth UK: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.

  • Book

    Bullock, K. and Tilley, N.

    Shootings, gangs and violent incidents in Manchester

    2002 - Policing and Reducing Crime Unit, Home Office - London

    In-text: (Bullock and Tilley, 2002)

    Your Bibliography: Bullock, K. and Tilley, N., 2002. Shootings, gangs and violent incidents in Manchester. London: Policing and Reducing Crime Unit, Home Office.

  • Book

    Carson, D., Esbensen, F. and Melde, C.

    Gang Membership and Involvement in Violence among US Adolescents: A Test of Construct Validity

    2016

    In-text: (Carson, Esbensen and Melde, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Carson, D., Esbensen, F. and Melde, C., 2016. Gang Membership and Involvement in Violence among US Adolescents: A Test of Construct Validity. pp.Chapter 2 Page 2.

  • Website

    Chen, J.

    What is the importance of mass media?

    2017

    In-text: (Chen, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Chen, J., 2017. What is the importance of mass media?. [online] Available at: <https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-importance-of-mass-media> [Accessed 27 April 2019].

  • Book

    Cohen, S.

    Folk devils and moral panics

    1972 - MacGibbon and Kee Ltd. - Great Britain

    In-text: (Cohen, 1972)

    Your Bibliography: Cohen, S., 1972. Folk devils and moral panics. Great Britain: MacGibbon and Kee Ltd.

  • Website

    Coleman, S.

    What Is Mass Media? - Definition, Types, Influence & Examples - Video & Lesson Transcript | Study.com

    2019

    In-text: (Coleman, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: Coleman, S., 2019. What Is Mass Media? - Definition, Types, Influence & Examples - Video & Lesson Transcript | Study.com. [online] Study.com. Available at: <https://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-mass-media-definition-types-influence-examples.html> [Accessed 27 April 2019].

  • Website

    Mass media definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary

    2019

    In-text: (Mass media definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: Collinsdictionary.com. 2019. Mass media definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary. [online] Available at: <https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/mass-media> [Accessed 27 April 2019].

  • Journal

    Cox, A.

    Youth Gangs in the UK: Myth or Reality?

    2011

    In-text: (Cox, 2011)

    Your Bibliography: Cox, A., 2011. Youth Gangs in the UK: Myth or Reality?. [online] Available at: <https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/b93dd4_d72efaf3bfa1443790da3af0b563e8bf.pdf> [Accessed 28 March 2019].

  • Website

    CSEW

    Children aged 10 to 15 and adults aged 16 to 24 involved with gangs, year ending March 2017, Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) - Office for National Statistics

    2017

    In-text: (CSEW, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: CSEW, 2017. Children aged 10 to 15 and adults aged 16 to 24 involved with gangs, year ending March 2017, Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) - Office for National Statistics. [online] Ons.gov.uk. Available at: <https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/adhocs/008451childrenaged10to15andadultsaged16to24involvedwithgangsyearendingmarch2017crimesurveyforenglandandwalescsew> [Accessed 23 April 2019].

  • E-book or PDF

    CSEW

    The nature of violent crime in England and Wales: year ending March 2018

    2019 - Office for National Statistics

    In-text: (CSEW, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: CSEW, 2019. The nature of violent crime in England and Wales: year ending March 2018. [ebook] Office for National Statistics. Available at: <https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/articles/thenatureofviolentcrimeinenglandandwales/yearendingmarch2018> [Accessed 29 April 2019].

  • Website

    Curry, G. and Decker, S.

    Gang | crime

    2019

    In-text: (Curry and Decker, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: Curry, G. and Decker, S., 2019. Gang | crime. [online] Encyclopedia Britannica. Available at: <https://www.britannica.com/topic/gang-crime> [Accessed 8 April 2019].

  • Journal

    Curry, G., Decker, S. H. and Egley, A.

    Gang involvement and delinquency in a middle school population

    2002 - Justice Quarterly

    In-text: (Curry, Decker and Egley, 2002)

    Your Bibliography: Curry, G., Decker, S. and Egley, A., 2002. Gang involvement and delinquency in a middle school population. Justice Quarterly, 19(2), pp.275-292.

  • Website

    Daily Mail

    Cressida Dick wants social media giants to remove Drill music videos

    2018 - Daily mail

    In-text: (Daily Mail, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Daily Mail, 2018. Cressida Dick wants social media giants to remove Drill music videos. [online] Mail Online. Available at: <https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5744675/Met-Police-chief-Cressida-Dick-calls-social-media-giants-remove-Drill-music-videos.html> [Accessed 7 May 2019].

  • Journal

    Decker, S. and Kempf-Leonard, K.

    Constructing Gangs: The Social Definition Of Youth Activities

    1991 - Criminal Justice Policy Review

    In-text: (Decker and Kempf-Leonard, 1991)

    Your Bibliography: Decker, S. and Kempf-Leonard, K., 1991. Constructing Gangs: The Social Definition Of Youth Activities. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 5(4), pp.271-291.

  • Journal

    Decker, S. and Kempf-Leonard, K.

    Constructing Gangs: The Social Definition Of Youth Activities

    1991 - Criminal Justice Policy Review

    In-text: (Decker and Kempf-Leonard, 1991)

    Your Bibliography: Decker, S. and Kempf-Leonard, K., 1991. Constructing Gangs: The Social Definition Of Youth Activities. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 5(4), pp.271-291.

  • Journal

    Densley, J. A. and Stevens, A.

    ‘We’ll show you gang’: The subterranean structuration of gang life in London

    2014 - Criminology & Criminal Justice

    In-text: (Densley and Stevens, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Densley, J. and Stevens, A., 2014. ‘We’ll show you gang’: The subterranean structuration of gang life in London. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 15(1), pp.102-120.

  • Journal

    Densley, J. A.

    Joining the Gang

    2015 - The Handbook of Gangs

    In-text: (Densley, 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Densley, J., 2015. Joining the Gang. The Handbook of Gangs, pp.235-256.

  • Journal

    Densley, J. A.

    Gang Joining

    2018 - Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

    In-text: (Densley, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Densley, J., 2018. Gang Joining. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice,.

  • Website

    Dunn, J.

    Los Angeles Crips and Bloods: Past and Present

    1999

    In-text: (Dunn, 1999)

    Your Bibliography: Dunn, J., 1999. Los Angeles Crips and Bloods: Past and Present. [online] Web.stanford.edu. Available at: <https://web.stanford.edu/class/e297c/poverty_prejudice/gangcolor/lacrips.htm> [Accessed 8 April 2019].

  • Journal

    ERICSON, R. V.

    MASS MEDIA, CRIME, LAW, AND JUSTICE

    1991 - The British Journal of Criminology

    In-text: (ERICSON, 1991)

    Your Bibliography: ERICSON, R., 1991. MASS MEDIA, CRIME, LAW, AND JUSTICE. The British Journal of Criminology, 31(3), pp.219-249.

  • Journal

    Esbensen, F., Winfree, L. T., He, N. and Taylor, T. J.

    Youth Gangs and Definitional Issues: When is a Gang a Gang, and Why Does it Matter?

    2001 - Crime & Delinquency

    In-text: (Esbensen, Winfree, He and Taylor, 2001)

    Your Bibliography: Esbensen, F., Winfree, L., He, N. and Taylor, T., 2001. Youth Gangs and Definitional Issues: When is a Gang a Gang, and Why Does it Matter?. Crime & Delinquency, 47(1), pp.105-130.

  • Newspaper

    Francis, S.

    London gang crime down while violent offences increase

    2018 - BBC

    In-text: (Francis, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Francis, S., 2018. London gang crime down while violent offences increase. BBC, [online] Available at: <https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-45189359> [Accessed 3 May 2019].

  • Book

    Fraser, A.

    Gangs & crime: Critical Alternatives

    2017 - SAGE Publications Ltd

    In-text: (Fraser, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Fraser, A., 2017. Gangs & crime: Critical Alternatives. SAGE Publications Ltd.

  • Journal

    Gallupe, O. and Gravel, J.

    Social Network Position of Gang Members in Schools: Implications for Recruitment and Gang Prevention

    2017 - Justice Quarterly

    In-text: (Gallupe and Gravel, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Gallupe, O. and Gravel, J., 2017. Social Network Position of Gang Members in Schools: Implications for Recruitment and Gang Prevention. Justice Quarterly, 35(3), pp.505-525.

  • Newspaper

    Gayle, D.

    Rise in proportion of BAME suspects on Met’s gangs matrix

    2018 - The Guardian

    In-text: (Gayle, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Gayle, D., 2018. Rise in proportion of BAME suspects on Met’s gangs matrix. The Guardian, [online] Available at: <https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/may/29/rise-in-proportion-bame-suspects-met-police-gangs-matrix> [Accessed 23 April 2019].

  • Book

    Goode, E. and Ben-Yehuda, N.

    Moral panics: the social construction of deviance

    2009 - Wiley-Blackwell - Chichester

    In-text: (Goode and Ben-Yehuda, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Goode, E. and Ben-Yehuda, N., 2009. Moral panics: the social construction of deviance. 2nd ed. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.

  • Website

    GOV.UK

    Government Response to the Riots, Communities and Victims Panel’s final report

    2013

    In-text: (GOV.UK, 2013)

    Your Bibliography: GOV.UK, 2013. Government Response to the Riots, Communities and Victims Panel’s final report. [online] .gov.uk. Available at: <https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/211617/Govt_Response_to_the_Riots_-_Final_Report.pdf> [Accessed 7 May 2019].

  • E-book or PDF

    Grattan, A.

    Segregated Britain: a society in conflict with its 'radicalised' youth?

    2009 - Youth and Policy 102

    In-text: (Grattan, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Grattan, A., 2009. Segregated Britain: a society in conflict with its 'radicalised' youth?. Youth and Policy 102, pp.35-52.

  • Journal

    Greer, C. and Reiner, R.

    Labelling, Media, Crime and Justice

    2014 - n Bruinsma, G. and Weisburd, D. (eds.) The Encyclopaedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

    In-text: (Greer and Reiner, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Greer, C. and Reiner, R., 2014. Labelling, Media, Crime and Justice. n Bruinsma, G. and Weisburd, D. (eds.) The Encyclopaedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice,.

  • Book

    Gunter, A.

    Race, gangs and youth violence: Policy, prevention and policing

    2017 - Policy Press - UK

    In-text: (Gunter, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Gunter, A., 2017. Race, gangs and youth violence: Policy, prevention and policing. UK: Policy Press.

  • Journal

    Haddock, E.

    PERCEPTIONS AND RISK FACTORS OF GANG ASSOCIATION IN A UK SAMPLE

    2011

    In-text: (Haddock, 2011)

    Your Bibliography: Haddock, E., 2011. PERCEPTIONS AND RISK FACTORS OF GANG ASSOCIATION IN A UK SAMPLE. [online] Available at: <https://etheses.bham.ac.uk/id/eprint/1499/5/Haddock11ForenPsyD.pdf> [Accessed 4 May 2019].

  • Book

    Hall, S.

    Theorizing crime & deviance

    2012 - SAGE - Los Angeles

    In-text: (Hall, 2012)

    Your Bibliography: Hall, S., 2012. Theorizing crime & deviance. Los Angeles: SAGE, pp.132-139.

  • Journal

    Hallsworth, S. and Young, T.

    Getting Real About Gangs

    2004 - Criminal Justice Matters

    In-text: (Hallsworth and Young, 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Hallsworth, S. and Young, T., 2004. Getting Real About Gangs. Criminal Justice Matters, 55(1), pp.12-13.

  • Journal

    Hallsworth, S. and Young, T.

    Gang talk and gang talkers: A critique

    2008 - Crime, Media, Culture: An International Journal

    In-text: (Hallsworth and Young, 2008)

    Your Bibliography: Hallsworth, S. and Young, T., 2008. Gang talk and gang talkers: A critique. Crime, Media, Culture: An International Journal, 4(2), pp.175-195.

  • E-book or PDF

    Hesketh, R.

    Deviancy Amplification in P. Taylor, K. Corteen and S. Morley (eds) Dictionary of Criminal Justice, Mental Health and Risk

    2015 - Policy Press - Bristol

    In-text: (Hesketh, 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Hesketh, R., 2015. Deviancy Amplification in P. Taylor, K. Corteen and S. Morley (eds) Dictionary of Criminal Justice, Mental Health and Risk. Bristol: Policy Press.

  • Book

    Home Office

    Ending gang and youth violence programme

    2015 - Crown copyright, www.gov.uk/government/publications

    In-text: (Home Office, 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Home Office, 2015. Ending gang and youth violence programme. Crown copyright, www.gov.uk/government/publications.

  • E-book or PDF

    Home Office

    Serious Violence Strategy

    2018 - GOV.uk

    In-text: (Home Office, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Home Office, 2018. Serious Violence Strategy. GOV.uk.

  • Website

    Home Office

    Stop and search

    2019

    In-text: (Home Office, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: Home Office, 2019. Stop and search. [online] Ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk. Available at: <https://www.ethnicity-facts-figures.service.gov.uk/crime-justice-and-the-law/policing/stop-and-search/latest> [Accessed 2 May 2019].

  • Newspaper

    Horton, H.

    Drill music gang bragged about moped stabbings on YouTube, court hears

    2018 - Telegraph

    In-text: (Horton, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Horton, H., 2018. Drill music gang bragged about moped stabbings on YouTube, court hears. Telegraph, [online] Available at: <https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/06/07/drill-music-gang-bragged-moped-stabbings-youtube-court-hears/> [Accessed 3 May 2019].

  • Report

    Howarth, E.

    Why are certain groups of people over-represented in the criminal justice system?

    2018 - LSE Undergraduate Political Review

    In-text: (Howarth, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Howarth, E., 2018. Why are certain groups of people over-represented in the criminal justice system?. Over-representation in criminal justice systems. [online] LSE Undergraduate Political Review. Available at: <https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/lseupr/2018/01/25/overrepresentation-in-criminal-justice-systems/> [Accessed 2 May 2019].

  • Blog

    Hudson, B.

    Gender and race in making London’s Youth Violence epidemic

    2018

    In-text: (Hudson, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Hudson, B., 2018. Gender and race in making London’s Youth Violence epidemic. [Blog] Available at: <https://www.versobooks.com/blogs/4008-gender-and-race-in-making-london-s-youth-violence-epidemic> [Accessed 1 May 2019].

  • E-book or PDF

    Irwin-Rogers, K. and Pinkney, C.

    Social Media as a Catalyst and Trigger of Youth Violence

    2017 - Catch 22

    In-text: (Irwin-Rogers and Pinkney, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Irwin-Rogers, K. and Pinkney, C., 2017. Social Media as a Catalyst and Trigger of Youth Violence. [ebook] Catch 22. Available at: <https://cdn.catch-22.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Social-Media-as-a-Catalyst-and-Trigger-for-Youth-Violence.pdf> [Accessed 3 May 2019].

  • Book

    Jackson-Jacobs, C. and Katz, J.

    The criminologists' gang

    2004 - The Blackwell companion to criminology - Oxford: Blackwell

    In-text: (Jackson-Jacobs and Katz, 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Jackson-Jacobs, C. and Katz, J., 2004. The criminologists' gang. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell: The Blackwell companion to criminology, pp.94-124.

  • Book

    Jewkes, Y.

    Media & crime

    2004 - SAGE publications Ltd - London

    In-text: (Jewkes, 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Jewkes, Y., 2004. Media & crime. 1st ed. London: SAGE publications Ltd.

  • Book

    Jewkes, Y.

    Media & crime

    2010 - SAGE Publications Ltd - London

    In-text: (Jewkes, 2010)

    Your Bibliography: Jewkes, Y., 2010. Media & crime. 2nd ed. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

  • Journal

    Klein, M. W., Weerman, F. M. and Thornberry, T. P.

    Street Gang Violence in Europe

    2006 - European Journal of Criminology

    In-text: (Klein, Weerman and Thornberry, 2006)

    Your Bibliography: Klein, M., Weerman, F. and Thornberry, T., 2006. Street Gang Violence in Europe. European Journal of Criminology, 3(4), pp.413-437.

  • Journal

    KROHN, M. D., WARD, J. T., THORNBERRY, T. P., LIZOTTE, A. J. and CHU, R.

    THE CASCADING EFFECTS OF ADOLESCENT GANG INVOLVEMENT ACROSS THE LIFE COURSE*

    2011 - Criminology

    In-text: (KROHN et al., 2011)

    Your Bibliography: KROHN, M., WARD, J., THORNBERRY, T., LIZOTTE, A. and CHU, R., 2011. THE CASCADING EFFECTS OF ADOLESCENT GANG INVOLVEMENT ACROSS THE LIFE COURSE*. Criminology, 49(4), pp.991-1028.

  • Website

    Lemons, J. F.

    Gang Violence

    2018

    In-text: (Lemons, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Lemons, J., 2018. Gang Violence. [online] CQ Researcher by CQ Press. Available at: <https://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document.php?id=cqresrre2018060100> [Accessed 18 April 2019].

  • Journal

    Lyddane, D.

    Understanding gangs and gang mentality: acquiring evidence of the gang conspiracy

    2004 - Gangs

    In-text: (Lyddane, 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Lyddane, D., 2004. Understanding gangs and gang mentality: acquiring evidence of the gang conspiracy. Gangs, 54(3), pp.1-8.

  • Book

    Marshall, B., Webb, B. and Tilley, N.

    Rationalisation of Current Research on Guns, Gangs and Other Weapons: Phase 1,

    2005 - University College London

    In-text: (Marshall, Webb and Tilley, 2005)

    Your Bibliography: Marshall, B., Webb, B. and Tilley, N., 2005. Rationalisation of Current Research on Guns, Gangs and Other Weapons: Phase 1,. University College London.

  • Journal

    Meehan, A. J.

    The Organizational Career of Gang Statistics: The Politics of Policing Gangs

    2000 - The Sociological Quarterly

    In-text: (Meehan, 2000)

    Your Bibliography: Meehan, A., 2000. The Organizational Career of Gang Statistics: The Politics of Policing Gangs. The Sociological Quarterly, 41(3), pp.337-370.

  • Journal

    MELDE, C. and ESBENSEN, F.

    GANG MEMBERSHIP AS A TURNING POINT IN THE LIFE COURSE*

    2011 - Criminology

    In-text: (MELDE and ESBENSEN, 2011)

    Your Bibliography: MELDE, C. and ESBENSEN, F., 2011. GANG MEMBERSHIP AS A TURNING POINT IN THE LIFE COURSE*. Criminology, 49(2), pp.513-552.

  • Journal

    Merton, R. K.

    Social Structure and Anomie

    1938 - American Sociological Review

    In-text: (Merton, 1938)

    Your Bibliography: Merton, R., 1938. Social Structure and Anomie. American Sociological Review, 3(5), p.672.

  • Book

    Miller, W. B.

    Crime by Youth Gangs and Groups

    1982 - US Department of Justice - United States. Washington, DC

    In-text: (Miller, 1982)

    Your Bibliography: Miller, W., 1982. Crime by Youth Gangs and Groups. United States. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice.

  • Book

    Moore, S. E.

    Crime and the media

    2014

    In-text: (Moore, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Moore, S., 2014. Crime and the media.

  • Website

    National Crime Agency

    County Lines - National Crime Agency

    2019 - Crown Copyright

    In-text: (National Crime Agency, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: National Crime Agency, 2019. County Lines - National Crime Agency. [online] Nationalcrimeagency.gov.uk. Available at: <https://www.nationalcrimeagency.gov.uk/what-we-do/crime-threats/drug-trafficking/county-lines> [Accessed 7 May 2019].

  • Website

    National Youth Gang Survey Analysis

    2014

    In-text: (National Youth Gang Survey Analysis, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Nationalgangcenter.gov. 2014. National Youth Gang Survey Analysis. [online] Available at: <https://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/Survey-Analysis> [Accessed 23 April 2019].

  • Website

    government | Definition of government in English by Oxford Dictionaries

    2019 - Oxford Dictionaries

    In-text: (government | Definition of government in English by Oxford Dictionaries, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: Oxford Dictionaries | English. 2019. government | Definition of government in English by Oxford Dictionaries. [online] Available at: <https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/government> [Accessed 6 May 2019].

  • Journal

    Pinkney, C. and Robinson-Edwards, S.

    Gangs, music and the mediatisation of crime: expressions, violations and validations

    2018 - Safer Communities

    In-text: (Pinkney and Robinson-Edwards, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Pinkney, C. and Robinson-Edwards, S., 2018. Gangs, music and the mediatisation of crime: expressions, violations and validations. Safer Communities, 17(2), pp.103-118.

  • Journal

    Pitts, J.

    Reluctant Gangsters: Youth Gangs in Waltham Forest

    2007

    In-text: (Pitts, 2007)

    Your Bibliography: Pitts, J., 2007. Reluctant Gangsters: Youth Gangs in Waltham Forest. (University of Bedfordshire).

  • Book

    Prowse, C. E.

    Defining street gangs in the 21st Century

    2013 - Springer - New York

    In-text: (Prowse, 2013)

    Your Bibliography: Prowse, C., 2013. Defining street gangs in the 21st Century. New York: Springer, p.3.

  • Journal

    Pyrooz, D. C. and Densley, J. A.

    On Public Protest, Violence, and Street Gangs

    2018 - Society

    In-text: (Pyrooz and Densley, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Pyrooz, D. and Densley, J., 2018. On Public Protest, Violence, and Street Gangs. Society, 55(3), pp.229-236.

  • Journal

    Pyrooz, D. C. and Sweeten, G.

    Gang Membership Between Ages 5 and 17 Years in the United States

    2015 - Journal of Adolescent Health

    In-text: (Pyrooz and Sweeten, 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Pyrooz, D. and Sweeten, G., 2015. Gang Membership Between Ages 5 and 17 Years in the United States. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56(4), pp.414-419.

  • Journal

    Pyrooz, D. C.

    “From Your First Cigarette to Your Last Dyin’ Day”: The Patterning of Gang Membership in the Life-Course

    2013 - Journal of Quantitative Criminology

    In-text: (Pyrooz, 2013)

    Your Bibliography: Pyrooz, D., 2013. “From Your First Cigarette to Your Last Dyin’ Day”: The Patterning of Gang Membership in the Life-Course. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 30(2), pp.349-372.

  • Journal

    Pyrooz, D. C.

    Gangs, Criminal Offending, and an Inconvenient Truth

    2013 - Criminology & Public Policy

    In-text: (Pyrooz, 2013)

    Your Bibliography: Pyrooz, D., 2013. Gangs, Criminal Offending, and an Inconvenient Truth. Criminology & Public Policy, 12(3), pp.427-436.

  • Journal

    PYROOZ, D. C., GARTNER, N. and SMITH, M.

    CONSEQUENCES OF INCARCERATION FOR GANG MEMBERSHIP: A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF SERIOUS OFFENDERS IN PHILADELPHIA AND PHOENIX*

    2017 - Criminology

    In-text: (PYROOZ, GARTNER and SMITH, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: PYROOZ, D., GARTNER, N. and SMITH, M., 2017. CONSEQUENCES OF INCARCERATION FOR GANG MEMBERSHIP: A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF SERIOUS OFFENDERS IN PHILADELPHIA AND PHOENIX*. Criminology, 55(2), pp.273-306.

  • Website

    Robers, Zhang, Morgan and Musu-Gillette

    Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2014

    2015

    In-text: (Robers, Zhang, Morgan and Musu-Gillette, 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Robers, Zhang, Morgan and Musu-Gillette, 2015. Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2014. [online] Nces.ed.gov. Available at: <https://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2015072> [Accessed 23 April 2019].

  • Journal

    Rohloff, A. and Wright, S.

    Moral Panic and Social Theory

    2010 - Current Sociology

    In-text: (Rohloff and Wright, 2010)

    Your Bibliography: Rohloff, A. and Wright, S., 2010. Moral Panic and Social Theory. Current Sociology, 58(3), pp.403-419.

  • Book

    Sánchez Jankowski, M.

    Islands in the street

    1991 - University of California Press - Berkeley

    In-text: (Sánchez Jankowski, 1991)

    Your Bibliography: Sánchez Jankowski, M., 1991. Islands in the street. Berkeley: University of California Press.

  • Journal

    Schell-Busey, N. and Johnson, J.

    Old message in a new bottle: taking gang rivalries online through rap battle music videos on YouTube

    2016 - Journal of Qualitative Criminal Justice & Criminology

    In-text: (Schell-Busey and Johnson, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Schell-Busey, N. and Johnson, J., 2016. Old message in a new bottle: taking gang rivalries online through rap battle music videos on YouTube. Journal of Qualitative Criminal Justice & Criminology, 4(1), pp.42-81.

  • Book

    Schneider, J. and Tilley, N.

    Gangs

    2004 - Ashgate - Burlington, VT

    In-text: (Schneider and Tilley, 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Schneider, J. and Tilley, N., 2004. Gangs. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

  • Report

    Sharp, C., Aldridge, J. and Medina, J.

    Delinquent Youth Groups and Offending Behaviour: Findings from the 2004 Offending, Crime and Justice Survey

    2006 - Home Office Online Report 14/06 - London: Crown Copyright

    In-text: (Sharp, Aldridge and Medina, 2006)

    Your Bibliography: Sharp, C., Aldridge, J. and Medina, J., 2006. Delinquent Youth Groups and Offending Behaviour: Findings from the 2004 Offending, Crime and Justice Survey. London: Crown Copyright: Home Office Online Report 14/06.

  • Book

    Shelden, R. G., Tracy, S. K. and Brown, W. B.

    Youth Gangs in American Society

    2013 - Wadsworth Publishing - Belmont, Calif.

    In-text: (Shelden, Tracy and Brown, 2013)

    Your Bibliography: Shelden, R., Tracy, S. and Brown, W., 2013. Youth Gangs in American Society. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Publishing.

  • Journal

    Stelfox, P.

    Policing Lower Levels of Organised Crime in England and Wales

    1998 - The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice

    In-text: (Stelfox, 1998)

    Your Bibliography: Stelfox, P., 1998. Policing Lower Levels of Organised Crime in England and Wales. The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 37(4), pp.393-406.

  • Journal

    Storrod, M. L. and Densley, J. A.

    ‘Going viral’ and ‘Going country’: the expressive and instrumental activities of street gangs on social media

    2016 - Journal of Youth Studies

    In-text: (Storrod and Densley, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Storrod, M. and Densley, J., 2016. ‘Going viral’ and ‘Going country’: the expressive and instrumental activities of street gangs on social media. Journal of Youth Studies, 20(6), pp.677-696.

  • Newspaper

    Stubly, P.

    Jodie Chesney: Stabbing suspect ‘said nothing’ to 17-year-old before knifing her in back, say police

    2019 - The Independent

    In-text: (Stubly, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: Stubly, P., 2019. Jodie Chesney: Stabbing suspect ‘said nothing’ to 17-year-old before knifing her in back, say police. The Independent, [online] Available at: <https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/jodie-chesney-murder-stabbing-park-suspects-harold-hill-knife-crime-suspect-description-a8805896.html> [Accessed 30 April 2019].

  • Journal

    Sullivan, M. L.

    Maybe We Shouldn’t Study “Gangs”

    2005 - Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice

    In-text: (Sullivan, 2005)

    Your Bibliography: Sullivan, M., 2005. Maybe We Shouldn’t Study “Gangs”. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 21(2), pp.170-190.

  • Website

    How the press ignored the Lawrence story – then used it to change

    2012

    In-text: (How the press ignored the Lawrence story – then used it to change, 2012)

    Your Bibliography: The Independent. 2012. How the press ignored the Lawrence story – then used it to change. [online] Available at: <https://www.independent.co.uk/news/media/press/how-the-press-ignored-the-lawrence-story-then-used-it-to-change-britain-6284645.html> [Accessed 7 May 2019].

  • Newspaper

    The Sun

    LA Gangs Take Over UK Streets

    2010

    In-text: (The Sun, 2010)

    Your Bibliography: The Sun, 2010. LA Gangs Take Over UK Streets. [online] Available at: <http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/2932813/London-gangs-are-aligningthemselves-to-LA-based-Bloods-and-Crips.html> [Accessed 29 April 2019].

  • Newspaper

    The Sun

    ROMFORD STABBING Who is stabbing victim Jodie Chesney and who’s been arrested over her death?

    2019 - The Sun

    In-text: (The Sun, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: The Sun, 2019. ROMFORD STABBING Who is stabbing victim Jodie Chesney and who’s been arrested over her death?. The Sun, [online] Available at: <https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/8550101/jodie-chesney-stabbing-where-harold-hill-london/> [Accessed 30 April 2019].

  • Website

    Tjepkema, L.

    5 Big Social Media Predictions for 2019 | Emarsys

    2019

    In-text: (Tjepkema, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: Tjepkema, L., 2019. 5 Big Social Media Predictions for 2019 | Emarsys. [online] Emarsys. Available at: <https://www.emarsys.com/en-uk/resources/blog/top-5-social-media-predictions-2019/> [Accessed 4 May 2019].

  • Journal

    Watkins, A. M. and Taylor, T. J.

    The prevalence, predictors, and criminogenic effect of joining a gang among urban, suburban, and rural youth

    2016 - Journal of Criminal Justice

    In-text: (Watkins and Taylor, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Watkins, A. and Taylor, T., 2016. The prevalence, predictors, and criminogenic effect of joining a gang among urban, suburban, and rural youth. Journal of Criminal Justice, 47, pp.133-142.

  • Journal

    Wtulich, J., Shaw, C. R. and McKay, H. D.

    Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas.

    1970 - American Sociological Review

    In-text: (Wtulich, Shaw and McKay, 1970)

    Your Bibliography: Wtulich, J., Shaw, C. and McKay, H., 1970. Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas. American Sociological Review, 35(2), p.407.

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