These are the sources and citations used to research Language and Gender: Vocal Fry. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Website

    Is Vocal Fry Ruining My Voice?

    2021

    Vocal fry is the lowest register (tone) of your voice characterized by its deep, creaky, breathy sound. When you speak, your vocal cords naturally close to create vibrations as air passes between them. Like a piano or guitar string, these vibrations produce sound (your voice). When you breathe, your vocal cords are relaxed and open to let air pass through freely, which doesn’t produce any sound. When you use vocal fry, you relax your vocal cords but do not increase the amount of air you’re pushing past your vocal cords, which produces slower vibrations and ultimately results in the lower creaky sound.

    In-text: (Is Vocal Fry Ruining My Voice?, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: 2021. Is Vocal Fry Ruining My Voice?. [online] Available at: <https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/is-vocal-fry-ruining-my-voice> [Accessed 2 November 2021].

  • Website

    Cameron, D.

    A response to Naomi Wolf

    2015

    In-text: (Cameron, 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Cameron, D., 2015. A response to Naomi Wolf. [online] language: a feminist guide. Available at: <https://debuk.wordpress.com/2015/07/26/a-response-to-naomi-wolf/amp/> [Accessed 2 November 2021].

  • Journal

    Chao, M. and Bursten, J. R. S.

    Girl Talk: Understanding Negative Reactions to Female Vocal Fry

    2021 - Hypatia

    In-text: (Chao and Bursten, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Chao, M. and Bursten, J., 2021. Girl Talk: Understanding Negative Reactions to Female Vocal Fry. Hypatia, 36(1), pp.42-59.

  • Website

    Wolf, N.

    Young women, give up the vocal fry and reclaim your strong female voice | Naomi Wolf

    2015 - The Guardian

    In-text: (Wolf, 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Wolf, N., 2015. Young women, give up the vocal fry and reclaim your strong female voice | Naomi Wolf. [online] The Guardian. Available at: <https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jul/24/vocal-fry-strong-female-voice> [Accessed 2 November 2021].

  • Website

    UK Covid-19: Jacob Rees-Mogg says Tories won't wear masks in Parliament because 'we know each other'

    2021

    In-text: (UK Covid-19: Jacob Rees-Mogg says Tories won't wear masks in Parliament because 'we know each other', 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Youtube.com. 2021. UK Covid-19: Jacob Rees-Mogg says Tories won't wear masks in Parliament because 'we know each other'. [online] Available at: <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rb4gBfVVYwM> [Accessed 2 November 2021].

  • Website

    1 Minute of Kim Kardashian Vocal Fry - Whang!

    2016

    In-text: (1 Minute of Kim Kardashian Vocal Fry - Whang!, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Youtube.com. 2016. 1 Minute of Kim Kardashian Vocal Fry - Whang!. [online] Available at: <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R8mcBdBL-t0> [Accessed 2 November 2021].

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