These are the sources and citations used to research Washback. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Book

    Hughes, A.

    Testing for language teachers

    2002 - Cambridge University Press - Cambridge

    In-text: (Hughes, 2002)

    Your Bibliography: Hughes, A., 2002. Testing For Language Teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Journal

    Hughes, A.

    Testing for Language Teachers


    In-text: (Hughes, 2002)

    Your Bibliography: Hughes, A., 2002. Testing for Language Teachers.

  • Journal

    Messick, S.


    1996 - ETS Research Report Series

    In-text: (Messick, 1996)

    Your Bibliography: Messick, S., 1996. VALIDITY AND WASHBACK IN LANGUAGE TESTING. ETS Research Report Series, 1996(1), p.i-18.

  • Book

    Popham, W. J.

    Modern educational measurement

    2000 - Allyn and Bacon - Boston

    In-text: (Popham, 2000)

    Your Bibliography: Popham, W., 2000. Modern Educational Measurement. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

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