These are the sources and citations used to research Perfromance Essay. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Book

    Anderson, I.

    This Is Our Music: Free Jazz, the Sixties, and American Culture

    2007 - University of Pennsylvania Press

    In-text: (Anderson, 2007)

    Your Bibliography: Anderson, I., 2007. This Is Our Music: Free Jazz, the Sixties, and American Culture. University of Pennsylvania Press, pp.49-92.

  • Website

    Beckett, R.

    Innovative, Abstract Hip-Hop Magic: A Review of Armand Hammer and The Alchemist’s Haram

    2021

    In-text: (Beckett, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Beckett, R., 2021. Innovative, Abstract Hip-Hop Magic: A Review of Armand Hammer and The Alchemist’s Haram. [online] The Edge. Available at: <https://www.theedgesusu.co.uk/records/albums/2021/04/06/innovative-abstract-hip-hop-magic-a-review-of-armand-hammer-and-the-alchemists-haram/> [Accessed 10 May 2021].

  • Website

    Bell, M.

    A Walk Through The Avant-Garde World of ‘Art Rap’ Music

    2017

    In-text: (Bell, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Bell, M., 2017. A Walk Through The Avant-Garde World of ‘Art Rap’ Music. [online] Bandcamp Daily. Available at: <https://daily.bandcamp.com/lists/art-rap-artists-guide> [Accessed 9 May 2021].

  • Website

    Blumenfeld, L.

    An Album to Liberate a Genre

    2020

    In-text: (Blumenfeld, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Blumenfeld, L., 2020. An Album to Liberate a Genre. [online] WSJ. Available at: <https://www.wsj.com/articles/an-album-to-liberate-a-genre-11608318975> [Accessed 9 May 2021].

  • Website

    Breihan, T.

    Armand Hammer's 'Paraffin' Is A Disorienting Rap Masterpiece

    2018

    In-text: (Breihan, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Breihan, T., 2018. Armand Hammer's 'Paraffin' Is A Disorienting Rap Masterpiece. [online] Stereogum. Available at: <https://www.stereogum.com/2014033/armand-hammer-paraffin-review/columns/status-aint-hood/> [Accessed 7 May 2021].

  • Book

    Burkholder, J., Grout, D. J. and Palisca, C. V.

    A History of Western Music

    2014 - W. W. Norton & Company - New York

    In-text: (Burkholder, Grout and Palisca, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Burkholder, J., Grout, D. and Palisca, C., 2014. A History of Western Music. 9th ed. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, p.909.

  • Website

    American civil rights movement | Definition, Protests, Activists, & Facts

    2021

    In-text: (American civil rights movement | Definition, Protests, Activists, & Facts, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Encyclopedia Britannica. 2021. American civil rights movement | Definition, Protests, Activists, & Facts. [online] Available at: <https://www.britannica.com/event/American-civil-rights-movement> [Accessed 8 May 2021].

  • Journal

    Hersch, C.

    "Let Freedom Ring!": Free Jazz and African-American Politics

    1995 - Cultural Critique

    In-text: (Hersch, 1995)

    Your Bibliography: Hersch, C., 1995. "Let Freedom Ring!": Free Jazz and African-American Politics. Cultural Critique, 32, pp.97-123.

  • Book

    Levine, M.

    Free Jazz, Harmolodics, and Ornette Coleman

    1995 - Sher Music Co - California

    In-text: (Levine, 1995)

    Your Bibliography: Levine, M., 1995. Free Jazz, Harmolodics, and Ornette Coleman. California: Sher Music Co, p.188.

  • Dissertation

    Maurer, J.

    A Comparison of Free Jazz to 20th Century Classical Music

    1998

    In-text: (Maurer, 1998)

    Your Bibliography: Maurer, J., 1998. A Comparison of Free Jazz to 20th Century Classical Music. Ph.D. Stanford.

  • Website

    Setaro, S.

    Why You Should Be Paying Attention to Art Rap

    2020

    In-text: (Setaro, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Setaro, S., 2020. Why You Should Be Paying Attention to Art Rap. [online] Complex. Available at: <https://www.complex.com/music/art-rap-2020> [Accessed 9 May 2021].

  • Book

    Simosko, V. and Tepperman, B.

    Eric Dolphy: A Musical Biography and Discography

    1996 - Da Capo Press - New York

    In-text: (Simosko and Tepperman, 1996)

    Your Bibliography: Simosko, V. and Tepperman, B., 1996. Eric Dolphy: A Musical Biography and Discography. New York: Da Capo Press, pp.17-40.

  • Website

    A Reasoned Cacophony: Ornette Coleman - "Free Jazz"

    2015

    In-text: (A Reasoned Cacophony: Ornette Coleman - "Free Jazz", 2015)

    Your Bibliography: The Jazz Record - Explorations Into Vintage Jazz Vinyl. 2015. A Reasoned Cacophony: Ornette Coleman - "Free Jazz". [online] Available at: <http://www.thejazzrecord.com/records/2015/9/15/ornette-coleman-free-jazz> [Accessed 9 May 2021].

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