These are the sources and citations used to research Iraq as a Model for power-sharing in Afghanistan. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • E-book or PDF

    Afghanistan's Constitution of 2004

    2004 - constituteproject.org

    In-text: (Afghanistan's Constitution of 2004, 2004)

    Your Bibliography: 2004. Afghanistan's Constitution of 2004. constituteproject.org.

  • E-book or PDF

    Iraq's Constitution of 2005

    2005 - constituteproject.org

    In-text: (Iraq's Constitution of 2005, 2005)

    Your Bibliography: 2005. Iraq's Constitution of 2005. constituteproject.org.

  • Report

    Akseer, T. and Swift, D.

    Afghanistan Flash Surveys on the Perceptions of Peace, Covid-19 and the Economy: Wave 1 Findings

    2020 - The Asia Foundation - San Francisco

    In-text: (Akseer and Swift, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Akseer, T. and Swift, D., 2020. Afghanistan Flash Surveys on the Perceptions of Peace, Covid-19 and the Economy: Wave 1 Findings. [online] San Francisco: The Asia Foundation, pp.11-14. Available at: <https://asiafoundation.org/publication/afghanistan-flash-surveys-on-perceptions-of-peace-covid-19-and-the-economy-wave-1-findings/> [Accessed 3 January 2021].

  • Report

    Akseer,, T., Hayat, K., Keats, E., Kazimi, S., Maxwell-Jones, C., Shiwan, M., Swift, D., Yadgari, M. and Yousufzai, F.

    Afghanistan in 2019

    2019 - The Asia Foundation - Washington

    In-text: (Akseer, et al., 2019)

    Your Bibliography: Akseer,, T., Hayat, K., Keats, E., Kazimi, S., Maxwell-Jones, C., Shiwan, M., Swift, D., Yadgari, M. and Yousufzai, F., 2019. Afghanistan in 2019. A Survey of the Afghan People. Washington: The Asia Foundation.

  • Website

    Almukhtar, S. and Nordland, R.

    What Did the U.S. Get for $2 Trillion in Afghanistan?

    2019

    In-text: (Almukhtar and Nordland, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: Almukhtar, S. and Nordland, R., 2019. What Did the U.S. Get for $2 Trillion in Afghanistan?. [online] Nytimes.com. Available at: <https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/12/09/world/middleeast/afghanistan-war-cost.html> [Accessed 11 January 2021].

  • Book

    Barfield, T.

    Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History

    2010 - Princeton - New Jersey

    In-text: (Barfield, 2010)

    Your Bibliography: Barfield, T., 2010. Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History. New Jersey: Princeton.

  • Newspaper

    Baryalay, M.

    Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah, a Brief Comparison

    2019 - TOLO News

    In-text: (Baryalay, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: Baryalay, M., 2019. Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah, a Brief Comparison. TOLO News, [online] Available at: <https://tolonews.com/opinion/ashraf-ghani-and-abdullah-brief-comparison> [Accessed 5 January 2021].

  • Website

    The Iraq protests explained in 100 and 500 words

    2019

    In-text: (The Iraq protests explained in 100 and 500 words, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: BBC News. 2019. The Iraq protests explained in 100 and 500 words. [online] Available at: <https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-50595212> [Accessed 8 January 2021].

  • Website

    Why is there a war in Afghanistan? The short, medium and long story

    2020

    In-text: (Why is there a war in Afghanistan? The short, medium and long story, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: BBC News. 2020. Why is there a war in Afghanistan? The short, medium and long story. [online] Available at: <https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-49192495> [Accessed 11 January 2021].

  • Journal

    Bell, A.

    A Network in Transition: Actors, Interests and Alliances in the Afghanistan Conflict as of Early 2014

    2014 - Peace Research Institute Frankfurt Working Papers

    In-text: (Bell, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Bell, A., 2014. A Network in Transition: Actors, Interests and Alliances in the Afghanistan Conflict as of Early 2014. Peace Research Institute Frankfurt Working Papers, [online] 20. Available at: <https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/184719/PRIF_WP_20.pdf> [Accessed 9 January 2021].

  • Journal

    Bellal, A., Giacca, G. and Casey-Maslen, S.

    International law and armed non-state actors in Afghanistan

    2011 - International Review of the Red Cross

    In-text: (Bellal, Giacca and Casey-Maslen, 2011)

    Your Bibliography: Bellal, A., Giacca, G. and Casey-Maslen, S., 2011. International law and armed non-state actors in Afghanistan. International Review of the Red Cross, 93(881), pp.47-79.

  • Journal

    Bogaards, M.

    Iraq’s Constitution of 2005: The Case Against Consociationalism ‘Light’

    2019 - Ethnopolitics

    In-text: (Bogaards, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: Bogaards, M., 2019. Iraq’s Constitution of 2005: The Case Against Consociationalism ‘Light’. Ethnopolitics, pp.1-17.

  • Website

    Buchholz, B.

    Afghanistan’s loya jirgas in the historical context

    2013

    In-text: (Buchholz, 2013)

    Your Bibliography: Buchholz, B., 2013. Afghanistan’s loya jirgas in the historical context. [online] Afghanistan Analysts Network. Available at: <https://www.afghanistan-analysts.org/en/reports/context-culture/the-nations-voice-afghanistans-loya-jirgas-in-the-historical-context/> [Accessed 8 January 2021].

  • Book

    Cockburn, P.

    Muqtada al-Sadr and the fall of Iraq

    2009 - Faber and Faber - London

    In-text: (Cockburn, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Cockburn, P., 2009. Muqtada al-Sadr and the fall of Iraq. London: Faber and Faber.

  • Website

    Global Conflict Tracker: War in Afghanistan

    2021

    In-text: (Global Conflict Tracker: War in Afghanistan, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Council on Foreign Relations. 2021. Global Conflict Tracker: War in Afghanistan. [online] Available at: <https://www.cfr.org/global-conflict-tracker/conflict/war-afghanistan> [Accessed 11 January 2021].

  • Website

    Crawford, N.

    The Iraq War Has Cost the US Nearly $2 Trillion

    2020

    In-text: (Crawford, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Crawford, N., 2020. The Iraq War Has Cost the US Nearly $2 Trillion. [online] Defense One. Available at: <https://www.defenseone.com/threats/2020/02/iraq-war-has-cost-us-nearly-2-trillion/162859/> [Accessed 8 January 2021].

  • Website

    Dagher, M.

    The New Three-Dimensional Political Situation in Iraq: An Iraqi Point of View

    2020 - Center for Strategic & International Studies

    In-text: (Dagher, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Dagher, M., 2020. The New Three-Dimensional Political Situation in Iraq: An Iraqi Point of View. [online] Center for Strategic & International Studies. Available at: <https://www.csis.org/analysis/new-three-dimensional-political-situation-iraq-iraqi-point-view> [Accessed 8 January 2021].

  • Journal

    Dodge, T.

    Iraq’s Informal Consociationalism and Its Problems

    2020 - Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism

    In-text: (Dodge, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Dodge, T., 2020. Iraq’s Informal Consociationalism and Its Problems. Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, 20(2), pp.145-152.

  • Chapter of an ed. book

    Elster, J.

    Arguments for Constitutional Choice: Reflections on the Transition to Socialism

    1988 - Cambridge University Press - Cambridge

    In-text: (Elster, 1988)

    Your Bibliography: Elster, J., 1988. Arguments for Constitutional Choice: Reflections on the Transition to Socialism. In: J. Elster and R. Slagstad, ed., Constitutionalism and Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Website

    Political Instability in Iraq

    2021 - Council on Foreign Relations

    In-text: (Political Instability in Iraq, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Global Conflict Tracker. 2021. Political Instability in Iraq. [online] Available at: <https://www.cfr.org/global-conflict-tracker/conflict/political-instability-iraq> [Accessed 8 January 2021].

  • Journal

    Haddad, F.

    As The War Winds Down, What Next For Iraq?

    2017 - Middle East Insights

    In-text: (Haddad, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Haddad, F., 2017. As The War Winds Down, What Next For Iraq?. Middle East Insights, [online] (170). Available at: <https://mei.nus.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Download_Insight_170_Fanar.pdf> [Accessed 8 January 2021].

  • Website

    Latest Human Development Index Ranking

    2021 - Human Development Reports

    In-text: (Latest Human Development Index Ranking, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Hdr.undp.org. 2021. Latest Human Development Index Ranking. [online] Available at: <http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/latest-human-development-index-ranking> [Accessed 11 January 2021].

  • Report

    Herbert, S.

    Who are the elite groups in Iraq and how do they exercise power?

    2018 - The Institute of Development Studies - Brighton

    In-text: (Herbert, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Herbert, S., 2018. Who are the elite groups in Iraq and how do they exercise power?. K4D Helpdesk Report. Brighton: The Institute of Development Studies.

  • Journal

    Hinnebusch, R.

    The US Invasion of Iraq: Explanations and Implications

    2007 - Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies

    In-text: (Hinnebusch, 2007)

    Your Bibliography: Hinnebusch, R., 2007. The US Invasion of Iraq: Explanations and Implications. Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies, 16(3), pp.209-228.

  • Report

    International Crisis Group

    Saudi Arabia: Back to Baghdad

    2018 - International Crisis Group - Brussels

    In-text: (International Crisis Group, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: International Crisis Group, 2018. Saudi Arabia: Back to Baghdad. Middle East Report No. 186. [online] Brussels: International Crisis Group. Available at: <https://www.crisisgroup.org/middle-east-north-africa/gulf-and-arabian-peninsula/iraq/186-saudi-arabia-back-baghdad> [Accessed 9 January 2021].

  • Podcast

    International Crisis Group

    The Afghan Peace Talks: Dealing with the Taliban

    2020 - Hold Your Fire!

    In-text: (International Crisis Group, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: International Crisis Group, 2020. The Afghan Peace Talks: Dealing with the Taliban. [podcast] Hold Your Fire!. Available at: <https://www.crisisgroup.org/hold-your-fire-podcast> [Accessed 3 January 2021].

  • Book

    Kerr, M.

    Imposing power-sharing

    2006 - Irish Academic Press - Dublin

    In-text: (Kerr, 2006)

    Your Bibliography: Kerr, M., 2006. Imposing power-sharing. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, pp.27-28.

  • Newspaper

    Khalil, A.

    The Tangled History of the Afghanistan-India-Pakistan Triangle

    2016 - The Diplomat

    In-text: (Khalil, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Khalil, A., 2016. The Tangled History of the Afghanistan-India-Pakistan Triangle. The Diplomat, [online] Available at: <https://thediplomat.com/2016/12/the-tangled-history-of-the-afghanistan-india-pakistan-triangle/> [Accessed 5 January 2021].

  • Book

    Khalilzad, Z.

    The Envoy: from Kabul to the White House, my journey through a turbulent world

    2016 - St Martin's Press - New York

    In-text: (Khalilzad, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Khalilzad, Z., 2016. The Envoy: from Kabul to the White House, my journey through a turbulent world. New York: St Martin's Press.

  • Website

    Kuoti, Y.

    Exclusion and Violence in Post-2003 Iraq

    2016 - School of International and Public Affairs Columbia University

    In-text: (Kuoti, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Kuoti, Y., 2016. Exclusion and Violence in Post-2003 Iraq. [online] JIA SIPA. Available at: <https://jia.sipa.columbia.edu/exclusion-violence-post-2003-iraq> [Accessed 8 January 2021].

  • Chapter of an ed. book

    Lieven, A.

    Afghanistan

    2019 - Routledge - London

    In-text: (Lieven, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: Lieven, A., 2019. Afghanistan. In: A. Özerdem and R. Mac Ginty, ed., Comparing Peace Processes, 1st ed. London: Routledge, pp.37-55.

  • Book

    Lijphart, A.

    Democracy in plural societies

    1977 - Yale University - Yale

    In-text: (Lijphart, 1977)

    Your Bibliography: Lijphart, A., 1977. Democracy in plural societies. Yale: Yale University.

  • Journal

    Lombardi, C. and Pasarlay, S.

    Consociationalism vs. Incentivism in Divided Societies: a question of threshold design or of sequencing?

    2018 - Yonsei Law Journal

    In-text: (Lombardi and Pasarlay, 2018)

    Your Bibliography: Lombardi, C. and Pasarlay, S., 2018. Consociationalism vs. Incentivism in Divided Societies: a question of threshold design or of sequencing?. Yonsei Law Journal, 9, pp.77-102.

  • Journal

    Ltaif, E.

    The Limitations of the Consociational Arrangements in Iraq

    2015 - Ethnopolitics Papers

    In-text: (Ltaif, 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Ltaif, E., 2015. The Limitations of the Consociational Arrangements in Iraq. Ethnopolitics Papers, (38).

  • Website

    Maizland, L. and Laub, Z.

    What Is the Taliban?

    2020

    In-text: (Maizland and Laub, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Maizland, L. and Laub, Z., 2020. What Is the Taliban?. [online] Council on Foreign Relations. Available at: <https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/taliban-afghanistan> [Accessed 6 January 2021].

  • Book

    Marr, P. and Al-Marashi, I.

    The modern history of Iraq

    2017 - Routledge - London

    In-text: (Marr and Al-Marashi, 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Marr, P. and Al-Marashi, I., 2017. The modern history of Iraq. 4th ed. London: Routledge.

  • Newspaper

    Mashal, M.

    For Afghanistan Already on Brink, U.S. Aid Cut Is a Big Shove

    2020 - The New York Times

    In-text: (Mashal, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Mashal, M., 2020. For Afghanistan Already on Brink, U.S. Aid Cut Is a Big Shove. The New York Times, [online] Available at: <https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/24/world/asia/afghanistan-us-aid-cut.html?login=email&auth=login-email&login=email&auth=login-email> [Accessed 5 January 2021].

  • Journal

    McCulloch, A.

    Consociational settlements in deeply divided societies: the liberal-corporate distinction

    2012 - Democratization

    In-text: (McCulloch, 2012)

    Your Bibliography: McCulloch, A., 2012. Consociational settlements in deeply divided societies: the liberal-corporate distinction. Democratization, 21(3), pp.501-518.

  • Journal

    McGarry, J. and O'Leary, B.

    Iraq's Constitution of 2005: Liberal consociation as political prescription

    2007 - International Journal of Constitutional Law

    In-text: (McGarry and O'Leary, 2007)

    Your Bibliography: McGarry, J. and O'Leary, B., 2007. Iraq's Constitution of 2005: Liberal consociation as political prescription. International Journal of Constitutional Law, 5(4), pp.670-698.

  • Journal

    Meyers, J. B.

    Rethinking ‘Constitutional Design’ and the Integration/Accommodation Dichotomy

    2010 - The Modern Law Review

    In-text: (Meyers, 2010)

    Your Bibliography: Meyers, J., 2010. Rethinking ‘Constitutional Design’ and the Integration/Accommodation Dichotomy. The Modern Law Review, 73(4), pp.656-678.

  • Website

    Mohamed, B.

    Who are the Iraqi Kurds?

    2014 - Pew Research Center

    In-text: (Mohamed, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Mohamed, B., 2014. Who are the Iraqi Kurds?. [online] Pew Research Center Fact Tank. Available at: <http://pewrsr.ch/1z000i6> [Accessed 8 January 2021].

  • Website

    Afghanistan and Pakistan Ethnic Groups

    2013 - National Geographic Society

    In-text: (Afghanistan and Pakistan Ethnic Groups, 2013)

    Your Bibliography: National Geographic. 2013. Afghanistan and Pakistan Ethnic Groups. [online] Available at: <https://www.nationalgeographic.org/maps/afghanistan-and-pakistan-ethnic-groups/> [Accessed 11 January 2021].

  • Book

    Norris, P.

    Driving democracy

    2008 - Cambridge University Press - Cambridge

    In-text: (Norris, 2008)

    Your Bibliography: Norris, P., 2008. Driving democracy. 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Report

    O’Driscoll, D.

    The Islamic State in Iraq

    2019 - Knowledge, Evidence and Learning for Development - Brighton

    In-text: (O’Driscoll, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: O’Driscoll, D., 2019. The Islamic State in Iraq. Helpdesk Report. Brighton: Knowledge, Evidence and Learning for Development.

  • Book

    Özerdem, A. and Mac Ginty, R.

    Comparing peace processes

    2019 - Routledge - London

    In-text: (Özerdem and Mac Ginty, 2019)

    Your Bibliography: Özerdem, A. and Mac Ginty, R., 2019. Comparing peace processes. 1st ed. London: Routledge, pp.37-55.

  • Journal

    Reilly, B. and Reynolds, A.

    Electoral Systems and Conflict in Divided Societies

    2000 - International Conflict Resolution After the Cold War

    In-text: (Reilly and Reynolds, 2000)

    Your Bibliography: Reilly, B. and Reynolds, A., 2000. Electoral Systems and Conflict in Divided Societies. International Conflict Resolution After the Cold War, [online] pp.420-484. Available at: <http://nap.edu/9897> [Accessed 7 January 2021].

  • Website

    Map of Iraq, showing ethnicity and population

    2007 - United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

    In-text: (Map of Iraq, showing ethnicity and population, 2007)

    Your Bibliography: Relief Web. 2007. Map of Iraq, showing ethnicity and population. [online] Available at: <https://reliefweb.int/map/iraq/map-iraq-showing-ethnicity-and-population-millions-governorate.> [Accessed 11 January 2021].

  • Website

    Roggio, B. and Gutowski, A.

    Mapping Taliban Control in Afghanistan | FDD's Long War Journal

    2021 - The Foundation for Defense of Democracies

    In-text: (Roggio and Gutowski, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Roggio, B. and Gutowski, A., 2021. Mapping Taliban Control in Afghanistan | FDD's Long War Journal. [online] Longwarjournal.org. Available at: <https://www.longwarjournal.org/mapping-taliban-control-in-afghanistan;> [Accessed 11 January 2021].

  • Journal

    Rubin, B. R.

    Crafting a Constitution for Afghanistan

    2004 - Journal of Democracy

    In-text: (Rubin, 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Rubin, B., 2004. Crafting a Constitution for Afghanistan. Journal of Democracy, 15(3), pp.5-19.

  • Website

    Saleh, Z.

    The Human Cost of U.S. Interventions in Iraq: A History From the 1960s Through the Post-9/11 Wars

    2020 - Watson Institute of International and Public Affairs

    In-text: (Saleh, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Saleh, Z., 2020. The Human Cost of U.S. Interventions in Iraq: A History From the 1960s Through the Post-9/11 Wars. [online] The Costs of War. Available at: <https://watson.brown.edu/costsofwar/papers/2020/IraqHistory> [Accessed 8 January 2021].

  • Newspaper

    Sediqi, A. and Shalizi, H.

    Afghan president and rival strike power-sharing deal after months-long stand-off

    2020 - The Independent

    In-text: (Sediqi and Shalizi, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Sediqi, A. and Shalizi, H., 2020. Afghan president and rival strike power-sharing deal after months-long stand-off. The Independent, [online] Available at: <https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/afghanistan-power-sharing-deal-ashraf-ghani-abdullah-abdulla-taliban-a9519406.html> [Accessed 5 January 2021].

  • Newspaper

    Sharma, P.

    Who Is an Afghan?

    2020 - The Diplomat

    In-text: (Sharma, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Sharma, P., 2020. Who Is an Afghan?. The Diplomat, [online] Available at: <https://thediplomat.com/2020/04/who-is-an-afghan/> [Accessed 7 January 2021].

  • Journal

    Sisk, T. D.

    Divided We Stand? Institutional Choice in Divided Societies: Designs For Democracy

    2008 - Southeastern Political Review

    In-text: (Sisk, 2008)

    Your Bibliography: Sisk, T., 2008. Divided We Stand? Institutional Choice in Divided Societies: Designs For Democracy. Southeastern Political Review, 20(1), pp.1-27.

  • Website

    Afghan Civilians

    2020 - Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs Brown University

    In-text: (Afghan Civilians, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: The Costs of War. 2020. Afghan Civilians. [online] Available at: <https://watson.brown.edu/costsofwar/costs/human/civilians/afghan#:~:text=About%20157%2C000%20people%20have%20been,those%20killed%20have%20been%20civilians.> [Accessed 5 January 2021].

  • Website

    The Mission: The Global Coalition Against Daesh

    2021

    In-text: (The Mission: The Global Coalition Against Daesh, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: The Global Coalition Against Daesh. 2021. The Mission: The Global Coalition Against Daesh. [online] Available at: <https://theglobalcoalition.org/en/mission/> [Accessed 8 January 2021].

  • Book

    Tripp, C.

    A history of Iraq

    2010 - Cambridge University Press - Cambridge, UK

    In-text: (Tripp, 2010)

    Your Bibliography: Tripp, C., 2010. A history of Iraq. 3rd ed. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Click here to start building your own bibliography
Keep on Citing!
Cite This For Me:
The Easiest Tool to Create your Bibliographies Online
Join Us!

Save Time and Improve Your Marks with Cite This For Me

10,587 students joined last month!

  • ✔ Save your bibliographies for longer
  • ✔ Quick and accurate citation program
  • ✔ Save time when referencing
  • ✔ Make your student life easy and fun
  • ✔ Pay only once with our Forever plan
  • ✔ Use plagiarism checker
  • ✔ Create and edit multiple bibliographies
Join