These are the sources and citations used to research Negative Campaigning. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Book

    Ansolabehere, S. and Iyengar, S.

    Going negative

    1995 - Free Press - New York

    In-text: (Ansolabehere and Iyengar, 1995)

    Your Bibliography: Ansolabehere, S. and Iyengar, S., 1995. Going negative. New York: Free Press.

  • Journal

    Ansolabehere, S., Iyengar, S., Simon, A. and Valentino, N.

    Does Attack Advertising Demobilize the Electorate?

    1994 - The American Political Science Review

    In-text: (Ansolabehere, Iyengar, Simon and Valentino, 1994)

    Your Bibliography: Ansolabehere, S., Iyengar, S., Simon, A. and Valentino, N., 1994. Does Attack Advertising Demobilize the Electorate?. The American Political Science Review, 88(4), p.829.

  • Journal

    Bradley, S. D., Angelini, J. R. and Lee, S.

    Psychophysiological and Memory Effects of Negative Political ADS: Aversive, Arousing, and Well Remembered

    2007 - Journal of Advertising

    In-text: (Bradley, Angelini and Lee, 2007)

    Your Bibliography: Bradley, S., Angelini, J. and Lee, S., 2007. Psychophysiological and Memory Effects of Negative Political ADS: Aversive, Arousing, and Well Remembered. Journal of Advertising, 36(4), pp.115-127.

  • Journal

    Fiske, S. T.

    Attention and weight in person perception: The impact of negative and extreme behavior.

    1980 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

    In-text: (Fiske, 1980)

    Your Bibliography: Fiske, S., 1980. Attention and weight in person perception: The impact of negative and extreme behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38(6), pp.889-906.

  • Journal

    Goldstein, K. and Freedman, P.

    Campaign Advertising and Voter Turnout: New Evidence for a Stimulation Effect

    2002 - jop

    In-text: (Goldstein and Freedman, 2002)

    Your Bibliography: Goldstein, K. and Freedman, P., 2002. Campaign Advertising and Voter Turnout: New Evidence for a Stimulation Effect. jop, 64(03).

  • Journal

    Kahn, K. F. and Kenney, P. J.

    Do Negative Campaigns Mobilize or Suppress Turnout? Clarifying the Relationship between Negativity and Participation

    1999 - The American Political Science Review

    In-text: (Kahn and Kenney, 1999)

    Your Bibliography: Kahn, K. and Kenney, P., 1999. Do Negative Campaigns Mobilize or Suppress Turnout? Clarifying the Relationship between Negativity and Participation. The American Political Science Review, 93(4), p.877.

  • Journal

    Kaid, L. L. and Johnston, A.

    Negative versus Positive Television Advertising in U.S. Presidential Campaigns, 1960?1988

    1991 - J Communication

    In-text: (Kaid and Johnston, 1991)

    Your Bibliography: Kaid, L. and Johnston, A., 1991. Negative versus Positive Television Advertising in U.S. Presidential Campaigns, 1960?1988. J Communication, 41(3), pp.53-064.

  • Journal

    Lau, R. R., Sigelman, L. and Rovner, I. B.

    The Effects of Negative Political Campaigns: A Meta-Analytic Reassessment

    2007 - The Journal of Politics

    In-text: (Lau, Sigelman and Rovner, 2007)

    Your Bibliography: Lau, R., Sigelman, L. and Rovner, I., 2007. The Effects of Negative Political Campaigns: A Meta-Analytic Reassessment. The Journal of Politics, 69(4), pp.1176-1209.

  • Journal

    Martin, P. S.

    Inside the Black Box of Negative Campaign Effects: Three Reasons Why Negative Campaigns Mobilize

    2004 - Political Psychology

    In-text: (Martin, 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Martin, P., 2004. Inside the Black Box of Negative Campaign Effects: Three Reasons Why Negative Campaigns Mobilize. Political Psychology, 25(4), pp.545-562.

  • Website

    McNamara, R.

    Why the Election of 1828 Was the Dirtiest Ever

    In-text: (McNamara, n.d.)

    Your Bibliography: McNamara, R., n.d. Why the Election of 1828 Was the Dirtiest Ever. [online] About.com Education. Available at: <http://history1800s.about.com/od/leaders/a/electionof1828.htm> [Accessed 30 January 2015].

  • Journal

    Sides, J., Lipsitz, K. and Grossmann, M.

    Do Voters Perceive Negative Campaigns as Informative Campaigns?

    2009 - American Politics Research

    In-text: (Sides, Lipsitz and Grossmann, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Sides, J., Lipsitz, K. and Grossmann, M., 2009. Do Voters Perceive Negative Campaigns as Informative Campaigns?. American Politics Research, 38(3), pp.502-530.

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