These are the sources and citations used to research Negative Campaigning. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on
In-text: (Ansolabehere and Iyengar, 1995)
Your Bibliography: Ansolabehere, S. and Iyengar, S., 1995. Going negative. New York: Free Press.
In-text: (Ansolabehere, Iyengar, Simon and Valentino, 1994)
Your Bibliography: Ansolabehere, S., Iyengar, S., Simon, A. and Valentino, N., 1994. Does Attack Advertising Demobilize the Electorate?. The American Political Science Review, 88(4), p.829.
In-text: (Bradley, Angelini and Lee, 2007)
Your Bibliography: Bradley, S., Angelini, J. and Lee, S., 2007. Psychophysiological and Memory Effects of Negative Political ADS: Aversive, Arousing, and Well Remembered. Journal of Advertising, 36(4), pp.115-127.
In-text: (Fiske, 1980)
Your Bibliography: Fiske, S., 1980. Attention and weight in person perception: The impact of negative and extreme behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38(6), pp.889-906.
In-text: (Goldstein and Freedman, 2002)
Your Bibliography: Goldstein, K. and Freedman, P., 2002. Campaign Advertising and Voter Turnout: New Evidence for a Stimulation Effect. jop, 64(03).
In-text: (Kahn and Kenney, 1999)
Your Bibliography: Kahn, K. and Kenney, P., 1999. Do Negative Campaigns Mobilize or Suppress Turnout? Clarifying the Relationship between Negativity and Participation. The American Political Science Review, 93(4), p.877.
In-text: (Kaid and Johnston, 1991)
Your Bibliography: Kaid, L. and Johnston, A., 1991. Negative versus Positive Television Advertising in U.S. Presidential Campaigns, 1960?1988. J Communication, 41(3), pp.53-064.
In-text: (Lau, Sigelman and Rovner, 2007)
Your Bibliography: Lau, R., Sigelman, L. and Rovner, I., 2007. The Effects of Negative Political Campaigns: A Meta-Analytic Reassessment. The Journal of Politics, 69(4), pp.1176-1209.
In-text: (Martin, 2004)
Your Bibliography: Martin, P., 2004. Inside the Black Box of Negative Campaign Effects: Three Reasons Why Negative Campaigns Mobilize. Political Psychology, 25(4), pp.545-562.
In-text: (McNamara, n.d.)
Your Bibliography: McNamara, R., n.d. Why the Election of 1828 Was the Dirtiest Ever. [online] About.com Education. Available at: <http://history1800s.about.com/od/leaders/a/electionof1828.htm> [Accessed 30 January 2015].
In-text: (Sides, Lipsitz and Grossmann, 2009)
Your Bibliography: Sides, J., Lipsitz, K. and Grossmann, M., 2009. Do Voters Perceive Negative Campaigns as Informative Campaigns?. American Politics Research, 38(3), pp.502-530.
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