These are the sources and citations used to research What are some of the post-Cold War non-traditional security challenges and issues that policymakers face today?. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Website

    Afghans cling to moving US Air Force jet in desperate bid to flee

    2021 - Aljazeera

    In-text: (Afghans cling to moving US Air Force jet in desperate bid to flee, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Aljazeera.com. 2021. Afghans cling to moving US Air Force jet in desperate bid to flee. [online] Available at: <https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/8/16/afghans-cling-to-plane-defining-image> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Why is Hungary not backing EU sanctions on Russian oil?

    2022 - Aljazeera

    In-text: (Why is Hungary not backing EU sanctions on Russian oil?, 2022)

    Your Bibliography: Aljazeera.com. 2022. Why is Hungary not backing EU sanctions on Russian oil?. [online] Available at: <https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2022/5/10/explainer-why-is-hungary-blocking-sanctions-on-russian-oil> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Multiple Independently-targetable Reentry Vehicle (MIRV)

    2017 - The Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation

    In-text: (Multiple Independently-targetable Reentry Vehicle (MIRV), 2017)

    Your Bibliography: Armscontrolcenter.org. 2017. Multiple Independently-targetable Reentry Vehicle (MIRV). [online] Available at: <https://armscontrolcenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/MIRV-Factsheet.pdf> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Ashraf Ghani: Ex-Afghan president describes moment he fled the Taliban

    2021 - BBC

    In-text: (Ashraf Ghani: Ex-Afghan president describes moment he fled the Taliban, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: BBC News. 2021. Ashraf Ghani: Ex-Afghan president describes moment he fled the Taliban. [online] Available at: <https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-59807737> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Borger, J.

    Putin could use nuclear weapon if he felt war being lost – US intelligence chief

    2022 - The Guardian

    In-text: (Borger, 2022)

    Your Bibliography: Borger, J., 2022. Putin could use nuclear weapon if he felt war being lost – US intelligence chief. [online] the Guardian. Available at: <https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/may/10/putin-nuclear-weapons-us-intelligence-avril-haines> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Book

    Bull, H.

    Anarchical Society

    1977 - Palgrave - London

    In-text: (Bull, 1977)

    Your Bibliography: Bull, H., 1977. Anarchical Society. 1st ed. London: Palgrave, pp.3-50.

  • Journal

    Chong, A.

    The post-international challenge to foreign policy: signposting ‘plus non-state’ politics

    2002 - Review of International Studies

    In-text: (Chong, 2002)

    Your Bibliography: Chong, A., 2002. The post-international challenge to foreign policy: signposting ‘plus non-state’ politics. Review of International Studies, [online] 28(4), pp.783-795. Available at: <https://library.fes.de/libalt/journals/swetsfulltext/15224514.pdf> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Timeline: U.S. War in Afghanistan

    2021 - Council on Foreign Relations

    In-text: (Timeline: U.S. War in Afghanistan, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Council on Foreign Relations. 2021. Timeline: U.S. War in Afghanistan. [online] Available at: <https://www.cfr.org/timeline/us-war-afghanistan> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Towards a bipolar world (1945–1953) - The Cold War (1945–1989) - CVCE Website

    CVCE.EU by UNI.LU

    In-text: (Towards a bipolar world (1945–1953) - The Cold War (1945–1989) - CVCE Website, n.d.)

    Your Bibliography: Cvce.eu. n.d. Towards a bipolar world (1945–1953) - The Cold War (1945–1989) - CVCE Website. [online] Available at: <https://www.cvce.eu/en/education/unit-content/-/unit/55c09dcc-a9f2-45e9-b240-eaef64452cae/1dc7e103-8078-45e1-b8ac-2199a9be5783> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    nternational Support for Ukraine and Condemnation of Russian Aggression

    2022 - European Union

    In-text: (nternational Support for Ukraine and Condemnation of Russian Aggression, 2022)

    Your Bibliography: eeas.europa.eu. 2022. nternational Support for Ukraine and Condemnation of Russian Aggression. [online] Available at: <https://www.eeas.europa.eu/eeas/international-support-ukraine-and-condemnation-russian-aggression_en> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Ellyat, H.

    Could there be war between Russia and the West? Strategists predict what could happen next

    2022 - CNBC LLC

    In-text: (Ellyat, 2022)

    Your Bibliography: Ellyat, H., 2022. Could there be war between Russia and the West? Strategists predict what could happen next. [online] www.cnbc.com. Available at: <https://www.cnbc.com/2022/04/29/russia-ukraine-war-should-the-west-prepare-for-war-with-putin.html> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    foreign policy | Definition, Objectives, & Facts

    2021 - Encyclopedia Britannica

    In-text: (foreign policy | Definition, Objectives, & Facts, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Encyclopedia Britannica. 2021. foreign policy | Definition, Objectives, & Facts. [online] Available at: <https://www.britannica.com/topic/foreign-policy> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Cold War | Summary, Causes, History, Years, Timeline, & Facts

    2022 - Encyclopedia Britannica

    In-text: (Cold War | Summary, Causes, History, Years, Timeline, & Facts, 2022)

    Your Bibliography: Encyclopedia Britannica. 2022. Cold War | Summary, Causes, History, Years, Timeline, & Facts. [online] Available at: <https://www.britannica.com/event/Cold-War> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Futter, A.

    EXPLAINING THE NUCLEAR CHALLENGES POSED BY EMERGING AND DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY: A PRIMER FOR EUROPEAN POLICYMAKERS AND PROFESSIONALS

    2021 - EU Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Consortium

    In-text: (Futter, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Futter, A., 2021. EXPLAINING THE NUCLEAR CHALLENGES POSED BY EMERGING AND DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY: A PRIMER FOR EUROPEAN POLICYMAKERS AND PROFESSIONALS. [online] Sipri.org. Available at: <https://www.sipri.org/sites/default/files/2021-03/eunpdc_no_73_0.pdf> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Gardner, F.

    Afghanistan: Will it become haven for terror with the Taliban in power?

    2021 - BBC

    In-text: (Gardner, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Gardner, F., 2021. Afghanistan: Will it become haven for terror with the Taliban in power?. [online] BBC News. Available at: <https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-58232041> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Gul, A.

    Afghan Acting PM Urges World to Recognize Taliban Government

    2022 - VOA

    In-text: (Gul, 2022)

    Your Bibliography: Gul, A., 2022. Afghan Acting PM Urges World to Recognize Taliban Government. [online] VOA. Available at: <https://www.voanews.com/a/afghan-acting-pm-urges-world-to-recognize-taliban-government/6403147.html> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Journal

    Hama, H. H.

    Is the United States Still a Global Hegemonic Power?

    2016 - International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies

    In-text: (Hama, 2016)

    Your Bibliography: Hama, H., 2016. Is the United States Still a Global Hegemonic Power?. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, [online] 3(2). Available at: <https://www.researchgate.net/publication/314042054_Is_the_United_States_Still_a_Global_Hegemonic_Power> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    U.S.-led attack on Afghanistan begins

    A&E Television Networks, LLC

    In-text: (U.S.-led attack on Afghanistan begins, n.d.)

    Your Bibliography: HISTORY. n.d. U.S.-led attack on Afghanistan begins. [online] Available at: <https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-led-attack-on-afghanistan-begins> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Afghanistan: Taliban Abuses Cause Widespread Fear

    2021 - Human Rights Watch

    In-text: (Afghanistan: Taliban Abuses Cause Widespread Fear, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Human Rights Watch. 2021. Afghanistan: Taliban Abuses Cause Widespread Fear. [online] Available at: <https://www.hrw.org/news/2021/09/23/afghanistan-taliban-abuses-cause-widespread-fear> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings

    International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons

    In-text: (Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings, n.d.)

    Your Bibliography: ICAN. n.d. Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings. [online] Available at: <https://www.icanw.org/hiroshima_and_nagasaki_bombings> [Accessed 23 March 2022].

  • Website

    Ikenberry, G.

    The Rise of China and the Future of the West

    2008 - Council on Foreign Relations

    In-text: (Ikenberry, 2008)

    Your Bibliography: Ikenberry, G., 2008. The Rise of China and the Future of the West. [online] Foreign Affairs. Available at: <https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/asia/2008-01-01/rise-china-and-future-west> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    What Were the 9/11 Terrorist Attacks?

    Imperial War Museums

    In-text: (What Were the 9/11 Terrorist Attacks?, n.d.)

    Your Bibliography: Imperial War Museums. n.d. What Were the 9/11 Terrorist Attacks?. [online] Available at: <https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/what-were-the-911-terrorist-attacks> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Jiang, S.

    Is Bipolarity a sound recipe for world order – as compared to other historically known alternatives?

    2013 - Old Dominion University

    In-text: (Jiang, 2013)

    Your Bibliography: Jiang, S., 2013. Is Bipolarity a sound recipe for world order – as compared to other historically known alternatives?. [online] Culturaldiplomacy.org. Available at: <http://www.culturaldiplomacy.org/academy/content/pdf/participant-papers/2013-acdusa/Is-Bipolarity-a-sound-recipe-for-world-order-Shiwei-Jiang.pdf> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Landale, J.

    Ukraine war: The West is united for now - but what if it splits?

    2022 - BBC

    In-text: (Landale, 2022)

    Your Bibliography: Landale, J., 2022. Ukraine war: The West is united for now - but what if it splits?. [online] BBC News. Available at: <https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-61237762> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Maizland, L.

    What Is the Taliban?

    2021 - Council on Foreign Relations

    In-text: (Maizland, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Maizland, L., 2021. What Is the Taliban?. [online] Council on Foreign Relations. Available at: <https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/taliban-afghanistan> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Martill, B. and Brinke, L. T.

    Europe in a Multipolar World

    2020 - London School of Economics

    In-text: (Martill and Brinke, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Martill, B. and Brinke, L., 2020. Europe in a Multipolar World. [online] Lse.ac.uk. Available at: <https://www.lse.ac.uk/ideas/Assets/Documents/updates/LSE-IDEAS-Europe-in-a-Multipolar-World.pdf> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    McTague, T.

    The Decline of the American World

    2020 - The Atlantic

    In-text: (McTague, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: McTague, T., 2020. The Decline of the American World. [online] The Atlantic. Available at: <https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2020/06/america-image-power-trump/613228/> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Mulcaire, C.

    How ‘Westphalian’ is the Westphalian Model?

    2014 - E-International Relations

    In-text: (Mulcaire, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Mulcaire, C., 2014. How ‘Westphalian’ is the Westphalian Model?. [online] E-International Relations. Available at: <https://www.e-ir.info/2014/02/03/how-westphalian-is-the-westphalian-model/> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Nuclear Files: Key Issues: Nuclear Weapons: History: Cold War: Strategy: Mutual Assured Destruction

    1998 - Nuclear Age Peace Foundation

    In-text: (Nuclear Files: Key Issues: Nuclear Weapons: History: Cold War: Strategy: Mutual Assured Destruction, 1998)

    Your Bibliography: Nuclearfiles.org. 1998. Nuclear Files: Key Issues: Nuclear Weapons: History: Cold War: Strategy: Mutual Assured Destruction. [online] Available at: <http://www.nuclearfiles.org/menu/key-issues/nuclear-weapons/history/cold-war/strategy/strategy-mutual-assured-destruction.htm> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Ogden, C.

    A Recessional Power: How Britain’s Claim to Be a Great Power Has Been Fatally Undercut

    2020 - E-International Relations

    In-text: (Ogden, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Ogden, C., 2020. A Recessional Power: How Britain’s Claim to Be a Great Power Has Been Fatally Undercut. [online] E-International Relations. Available at: <https://www.e-ir.info/2020/10/12/a-recessional-power-how-britains-claim-to-be-a-great-power-has-been-fatally-undercut/> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Islamic Extremism: Common Concern for Muslim and Western Publics

    2005 - Pew Research Center

    In-text: (Islamic Extremism: Common Concern for Muslim and Western Publics, 2005)

    Your Bibliography: Pew Research Center's Global Attitudes Project. 2005. Islamic Extremism: Common Concern for Muslim and Western Publics. [online] Available at: <https://www.pewresearch.org/global/2005/07/14/islamic-extremism-common-concern-for-muslim-and-western-publics/> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Kabul's former 'Green Zone' abandoned as diplomats flee Afghan capital

    2022 - Reuters

    In-text: (Kabul's former 'Green Zone' abandoned as diplomats flee Afghan capital, 2022)

    Your Bibliography: reuters.com. 2022. Kabul's former 'Green Zone' abandoned as diplomats flee Afghan capital. [online] Available at: <https://www.reuters.com/world/asia-pacific/shops-close-security-guards-flee-afghan-capital-2021-08-16/> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Journal

    Sandberg, S. and Colvin, S.

    ‘ISIS is not Islam’: Epistemic Injustice, Everyday Religion, and Young Muslims’ Narrative Resistance

    2020 - The British Journal of Criminology

    In-text: (Sandberg and Colvin, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: Sandberg, S. and Colvin, S., 2020. ‘ISIS is not Islam’: Epistemic Injustice, Everyday Religion, and Young Muslims’ Narrative Resistance. The British Journal of Criminology, [online] 60(6). Available at: <https://academic.oup.com/bjc/article/60/6/1585/5843316> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Joint Declaration between the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the United States of America for Bringing Peace to Afghanistan

    2020 - United States of America

    In-text: (Joint Declaration between the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the United States of America for Bringing Peace to Afghanistan, 2020)

    Your Bibliography: State.gov. 2020. Joint Declaration between the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the United States of America for Bringing Peace to Afghanistan. [online] Available at: <https://www.state.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/02.29.20-US-Afghanistan-Joint-Declaration.pdf> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Journal

    Tang, S.

    The Security Dilemma: A Conceptual Analysis

    2009 - Security Studies

    In-text: (Tang, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Tang, S., 2009. The Security Dilemma: A Conceptual Analysis. Security Studies, [online] 18(3), pp.587-623. Available at: <https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09636410903133050> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Timtchenko, I.

    Fear of provoking Putin is leading the Western world toward disaster

    2022 - Atlantic Council

    In-text: (Timtchenko, 2022)

    Your Bibliography: Timtchenko, I., 2022. Fear of provoking Putin is leading the Western world toward disaster. [online] Atlantic Council. Available at: <https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/ukrainealert/fear-of-provoking-putin-is-leading-the-western-world-toward-disaster/> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    China’s Position on Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine

    2022 - U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission

    In-text: (China’s Position on Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine, 2022)

    Your Bibliography: Uscc.gov. 2022. China’s Position on Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine. [online] Available at: <https://www.uscc.gov/research/chinas-position-russias-invasion-ukraine> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Williams, A. and Parkin, B.

    US withdraws from Afghanistan, bringing an end to 20-year war

    2021 - Financial Times

    In-text: (Williams and Parkin, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: Williams, A. and Parkin, B., 2021. US withdraws from Afghanistan, bringing an end to 20-year war. [online] Ft.com. Available at: <https://www.ft.com/content/b2ba76a1-694b-47f9-b077-d48ad88a8cb5> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    Nuclear Proliferation Safeguards - World Nuclear Association

    2021 - World Nuclear Association

    In-text: (Nuclear Proliferation Safeguards - World Nuclear Association, 2021)

    Your Bibliography: World-nuclear.org. 2021. Nuclear Proliferation Safeguards - World Nuclear Association. [online] Available at: <https://world-nuclear.org/information-library/safety-and-security/non-proliferation/safeguards-to-prevent-nuclear-proliferation.aspx> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

  • Website

    EU disagreements stall progress on proposed Russia sanctions

    2022 - Aljazeera

    In-text: (EU disagreements stall progress on proposed Russia sanctions, 2022)

    Your Bibliography: Youtu.be. 2022. EU disagreements stall progress on proposed Russia sanctions. [online] Available at: <https://youtu.be/3ug4Wwffwdg> [Accessed 1 June 2022].

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