These are the sources and citations used to research Self-discrepancy theory athletic identity. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on

  • Journal

    Aronson, J., Blanton, H. and Cooper, J.

    From dissonance to disidentification: Selectivity in the self-affirmation process.

    1995 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

    In-text: (Aronson, Blanton and Cooper, 1995)

    Your Bibliography: Aronson, J., Blanton, H. and Cooper, J., 1995. From dissonance to disidentification: Selectivity in the self-affirmation process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(6), pp.986-996.

  • Journal

    Bessenoff, G. R. and Snow, D.

    Absorbing Society’s Influence: Body Image Self-Discrepancy and Internalized Shame

    2006 - Sex Roles

    In-text: (Bessenoff and Snow, 2006)

    Your Bibliography: Bessenoff, G. and Snow, D., 2006. Absorbing Society’s Influence: Body Image Self-Discrepancy and Internalized Shame. Sex Roles, 54(9-10), pp.727-731.

  • Journal

    Bills, R. E.

    Self concepts and Rorschach signs of depression.

    1954 - Journal of Consulting Psychology

    In-text: (Bills, 1954)

    Your Bibliography: Bills, R., 1954. Self concepts and Rorschach signs of depression. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 18(2), pp.135-137.

  • Journal

    Boldero, J. and Francis, J.

    The relation between self-discrepancies and emotion: The moderating roles of self-guide importance, location relevance, and social self-domain centrality.

    2000 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

    In-text: (Boldero and Francis, 2000)

    Your Bibliography: Boldero, J. and Francis, J., 2000. The relation between self-discrepancies and emotion: The moderating roles of self-guide importance, location relevance, and social self-domain centrality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(1), pp.38-52.

  • Journal

    Bonanno, G. A., Wortman, C. B. and Nesse, R. M.

    Prospective Patterns of Resilience and Maladjustment During Widowhood.

    2004 - Psychology and Aging

    In-text: (Bonanno, Wortman and Nesse, 2004)

    Your Bibliography: Bonanno, G., Wortman, C. and Nesse, R., 2004. Prospective Patterns of Resilience and Maladjustment During Widowhood. Psychology and Aging, 19(2), pp.260-271.

  • Journal

    Brewer, B., Van Raalte, J. and Linder, D.

    Athletic Identity: Hercules' muscles or Achilles heel?

    1993 - International Journal of Sports Psychology

    In-text: (Brewer, Van Raalte and Linder, 1993)

    Your Bibliography: Brewer, B., Van Raalte, J. and Linder, D., 1993. Athletic Identity: Hercules' muscles or Achilles heel?. International Journal of Sports Psychology, 24, pp.237-254.

  • Journal

    Bruch, M. A., Rivet, K. M. and Laurenti, H. J.

    Type of self-discrepancy and relationships to components of the tripartite model of emotional distress

    2000 - Personality and Individual Differences

    In-text: (Bruch, Rivet and Laurenti, 2000)

    Your Bibliography: Bruch, M., Rivet, K. and Laurenti, H., 2000. Type of self-discrepancy and relationships to components of the tripartite model of emotional distress. Personality and Individual Differences, 29(1), pp.37-44.

  • Journal

    Carver, C. S., Lawrence, J. W. and Scheier, M. F.

    Self-Discrepancies and Affect: Incorporating the Role of Feared Selves

    1999 - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

    In-text: (Carver, Lawrence and Scheier, 1999)

    Your Bibliography: Carver, C., Lawrence, J. and Scheier, M., 1999. Self-Discrepancies and Affect: Incorporating the Role of Feared Selves. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25(7), pp.783-792.

  • Book

    Chickering, A. W. and Reisser, L.

    Education and identity

    1993 - Jossey-Bass Publishers - San Francisco

    In-text: (Chickering and Reisser, 1993)

    Your Bibliography: Chickering, A. and Reisser, L., 1993. Education And Identity. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

  • Journal

    Crocker, J., Niiya, Y. and Mischkowski, D.

    Why Does Writing About Important Values Reduce Defensiveness? Self-Affirmation and the Role of Positive Other-Directed Feelings

    2008 - Psychological Science

    In-text: (Crocker, Niiya and Mischkowski, 2008)

    Your Bibliography: Crocker, J., Niiya, Y. and Mischkowski, D., 2008. Why Does Writing About Important Values Reduce Defensiveness? Self-Affirmation and the Role of Positive Other-Directed Feelings. Psychological Science, 19(7), pp.740-747.

  • Journal

    DENMARK, F. L. and GUTTENTAG, M.

    DISSONANCE IN THE SELF-CONCEPTS AND EDUCATIONAL CONCEPTS OF COLLEGE- AND NON-COLLEGE-ORIENTED WOMEN.

    1967 - Journal of Counseling Psychology

    In-text: (DENMARK and GUTTENTAG, 1967)

    Your Bibliography: DENMARK, F. and GUTTENTAG, M., 1967. DISSONANCE IN THE SELF-CONCEPTS AND EDUCATIONAL CONCEPTS OF COLLEGE- AND NON-COLLEGE-ORIENTED WOMEN. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 14(2), pp.113-115.

  • Journal

    Fukushima, O. and Hosoe, T.

    Narcissism, variability in self-concept, and well-being

    2011 - Journal of Research in Personality

    In-text: (Fukushima and Hosoe, 2011)

    Your Bibliography: Fukushima, O. and Hosoe, T., 2011. Narcissism, variability in self-concept, and well-being. Journal of Research in Personality, 45(6), pp.568-575.

  • Journal

    Galli, N., Petrie, T. A., Reel, J. J., Chatterton, J. M. and Baghurst, T. M.

    Assessing the validity of the Weight Pressures in Sport Scale for Male Athletes.

    2014 - Psychology of Men & Masculinity

    In-text: (Galli et al., 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Galli, N., Petrie, T., Reel, J., Chatterton, J. and Baghurst, T., 2014. Assessing the validity of the Weight Pressures in Sport Scale for Male Athletes. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 15(2), pp.170-180.

  • Book

    Gavin, H.

    Understanding research methods and statistics in psychology

    2008 - SAGE - Los Angeles, CA

    In-text: (Gavin, 2008)

    Your Bibliography: Gavin, H., 2008. Understanding Research Methods And Statistics In Psychology. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE.

  • Journal

    Goossens, M. E., Kindermans, H. P., Morley, S. J., Roelofs, J., Verbunt, J. and Vlaeyen, J. W.

    Self-discrepancies in work-related upper extremity pain: Relation to emotions and flexible-goal adjustment

    2010 - European Journal of Pain

    In-text: (Goossens et al., 2010)

    Your Bibliography: Goossens, M., Kindermans, H., Morley, S., Roelofs, J., Verbunt, J. and Vlaeyen, J., 2010. Self-discrepancies in work-related upper extremity pain: Relation to emotions and flexible-goal adjustment. European Journal of Pain, 14(7), pp.764-770.

  • Journal

    Harrison, K.

    Ourselves, Our Bodies: Thin-Ideal Media, Self-Discrepancies, and Eating Disorder Symptomatology in Adolescents

    2001 - Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology

    In-text: (Harrison, 2001)

    Your Bibliography: Harrison, K., 2001. Ourselves, Our Bodies: Thin-Ideal Media, Self-Discrepancies, and Eating Disorder Symptomatology in Adolescents. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 20(3), pp.289-323.

  • Journal

    Heidrich, S. M.

    Self-Discrepancy across the life span

    1999 - Journal of Adult Development

    In-text: (Heidrich, 1999)

    Your Bibliography: Heidrich, S., 1999. Self-Discrepancy across the life span. Journal of Adult Development, 6(2), pp.119-130.

  • Journal

    Higgins, E. T.

    Self-discrepancy: A theory relating self and affect.

    1987 - Psychological Review

    In-text: (Higgins, 1987)

    Your Bibliography: Higgins, E., 1987. Self-discrepancy: A theory relating self and affect. Psychological Review, 94(3), pp.319-340.

  • Chapter of an ed. book

    Higgins, E.

    Promotion and Prevention as a Motivational Duality: Implications for Evaluative Processes

    1999 - Guilford Press - New York

    In-text: (Higgins, 1999)

    Your Bibliography: Higgins, E., 1999. Promotion and Prevention as a Motivational Duality: Implications for Evaluative Processes. In: Y. Trope, ed., Dual-Process Theories in Social Psychology, 1st ed. New York: Guilford Press, pp.503-525.

  • Journal

    Higgins, E. T., Bond, R. N., Klein, R. and Strauman, T.

    Self-discrepancies and emotional vulnerability: How magnitude, accessibility, and type of discrepancy influence affect.

    1986 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

    In-text: (Higgins, Bond, Klein and Strauman, 1986)

    Your Bibliography: Higgins, E., Bond, R., Klein, R. and Strauman, T., 1986. Self-discrepancies and emotional vulnerability: How magnitude, accessibility, and type of discrepancy influence affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(1), pp.5-15.

  • Journal

    Higgins, E. T., Roney, C. J. R., Crowe, E. and Hymes, C.

    Ideal versus ought predilections for approach and avoidance distinct self-regulatory systems.

    1994 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

    In-text: (Higgins, Roney, Crowe and Hymes, 1994)

    Your Bibliography: Higgins, E., Roney, C., Crowe, E. and Hymes, C., 1994. Ideal versus ought predilections for approach and avoidance distinct self-regulatory systems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66(2), pp.276-286.

  • Journal

    Higgins, E. T., Shah, J. and Friedman, R.

    Emotional responses to goal attainment: Strength of regulatory focus as moderator.

    1997 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

    In-text: (Higgins, Shah and Friedman, 1997)

    Your Bibliography: Higgins, E., Shah, J. and Friedman, R., 1997. Emotional responses to goal attainment: Strength of regulatory focus as moderator. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(3), pp.515-525.

  • Journal

    Higgins, T. and Tykocinski, O.

    Seff-Discrepancies and Biographical Memory: Personality and Cognition at the Level of Psychological Situation

    1992 - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

    In-text: (Higgins and Tykocinski, 1992)

    Your Bibliography: Higgins, T. and Tykocinski, O., 1992. Seff-Discrepancies and Biographical Memory: Personality and Cognition at the Level of Psychological Situation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18(5), pp.527-535.

  • Journal

    Holmes, M. C.

    Mental Health and Sexual Self-Concept Discrepancies in a Sample of Young Black Women

    2002 - Journal of Black Psychology

    In-text: (Holmes, 2002)

    Your Bibliography: Holmes, M., 2002. Mental Health and Sexual Self-Concept Discrepancies in a Sample of Young Black Women. Journal of Black Psychology, 28(4), pp.347-370.

  • Journal

    Katz, J. and Farrow, S.

    Discrepant Self-Views and Young Women's Sexual and Emotional Adjustment

    2000 - Sex Roles

    In-text: (Katz and Farrow, 2000)

    Your Bibliography: Katz, J. and Farrow, S., 2000. Discrepant Self-Views and Young Women's Sexual and Emotional Adjustment. Sex Roles, 42(9-10), pp.781-805.

  • Journal

    Kindermans, H. P., Roelofs, J., Goossens, M. E., Huijnen, I. P., Verbunt, J. A. and Vlaeyen, J. W.

    Activity Patterns in Chronic Pain: Underlying Dimensions and Associations With Disability and Depressed Mood

    2011 - The Journal of Pain

    In-text: (Kindermans et al., 2011)

    Your Bibliography: Kindermans, H., Roelofs, J., Goossens, M., Huijnen, I., Verbunt, J. and Vlaeyen, J., 2011. Activity Patterns in Chronic Pain: Underlying Dimensions and Associations With Disability and Depressed Mood. The Journal of Pain, 12(10), pp.1049-1058.

  • Chapter of an ed. book

    Knox, M.

    Gender and Possible Selves

    2006 - Nova Science Publishers - Hauppauge, NY

    In-text: (Knox, 2006)

    Your Bibliography: Knox, M., 2006. Gender and Possible Selves. In: C. Dunkel and J. Kerpelman, ed., Possible Selves: Theory, research and applications, 1st ed. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, pp.61-77.

  • Book

    Kvale, S. and Brinkmann, S.

    InterViews

    2009 - Sage Publications - Los Angeles

    In-text: (Kvale and Brinkmann, 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Kvale, S. and Brinkmann, S., 2009. Interviews. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.

  • Journal

    Landau, M. J., Greenberg, J., Sullivan, D., Routledge, C. and Arndt, J.

    The protective identity: Evidence that mortality salience heightens the clarity and coherence of the self-concept

    2009 - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

    In-text: (Landau et al., 2009)

    Your Bibliography: Landau, M., Greenberg, J., Sullivan, D., Routledge, C. and Arndt, J., 2009. The protective identity: Evidence that mortality salience heightens the clarity and coherence of the self-concept. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45(4), pp.796-807.

  • Journal

    Marcia, J. E.

    Identity and Psychosocial Development in Adulthood

    2002 - Identity

    In-text: (Marcia, 2002)

    Your Bibliography: Marcia, J., 2002. Identity and Psychosocial Development in Adulthood. Identity, 2(1), pp.7-28.

  • Journal

    Markus, H. and Nurius, P.

    Possible selves.

    1986 - American Psychologist

    In-text: (Markus and Nurius, 1986)

    Your Bibliography: Markus, H. and Nurius, P., 1986. Possible selves. American Psychologist, 41(9), pp.954-969.

  • Journal

    Martin, J. J. and Whalen, L.

    Self-concept and physical activity in athletes with physical disabilities

    2012 - Disability and Health Journal

    In-text: (Martin and Whalen, 2012)

    Your Bibliography: Martin, J. and Whalen, L., 2012. Self-concept and physical activity in athletes with physical disabilities. Disability and Health Journal, 5(3), pp.197-200.

  • Journal

    Miller, P. S. and Kerr, G.

    The athletic, academic and social experiences of intercollegiate student-athletes

    2015 - Journal of Sport Behavior

    In-text: (Miller and Kerr, 2015)

    Your Bibliography: Miller, P. and Kerr, G., 2015. The athletic, academic and social experiences of intercollegiate student-athletes. Journal of Sport Behavior, 25(4), pp.346-368.

  • Journal

    Newman, L. S., Caldwell, T. L. and Griffin, T. D.

    The undesired selves of repressors

    2008 - Cognition & Emotion

    In-text: (Newman, Caldwell and Griffin, 2008)

    Your Bibliography: Newman, L., Caldwell, T. and Griffin, T., 2008. The undesired selves of repressors. Cognition & Emotion, 22(4), pp.709-719.

  • Journal

    Nurius, P. S.

    Form and Function of the self-concept: A social-cognitive update

    1989 - Social Casework

    In-text: (Nurius, 1989)

    Your Bibliography: Nurius, P., 1989. Form and Function of the self-concept: A social-cognitive update. Social Casework, 70(5), pp.285-294.

  • Journal

    Ogilvie, D. M.

    The undesired self: A neglected variable in personality research.

    1987 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

    In-text: (Ogilvie, 1987)

    Your Bibliography: Ogilvie, D., 1987. The undesired self: A neglected variable in personality research. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(2), pp.379-385.

  • Journal

    Oyserman, D. and Saltz, E.

    Competence, delinquency, and attempts to attain possible selves.

    1993 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

    In-text: (Oyserman and Saltz, 1993)

    Your Bibliography: Oyserman, D. and Saltz, E., 1993. Competence, delinquency, and attempts to attain possible selves. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65(2), pp.360-374.

  • Journal

    Robins, G. and Boldero, J.

    Relational Discrepancy Theory: The Implications of Self-Discrepancy Theory for Dyadic Relationships and for the Emergence of Social Structure

    2003 - Personality and Social Psychology Review

    In-text: (Robins and Boldero, 2003)

    Your Bibliography: Robins, G. and Boldero, J., 2003. Relational Discrepancy Theory: The Implications of Self-Discrepancy Theory for Dyadic Relationships and for the Emergence of Social Structure. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7(1), pp.56-74.

  • Journal

    Rodebaugh, T. L. and Donahue, K. L.

    Could you be more specific, please: Self-discrepancies, affect, and variation in specificity and relevance

    2007 - J. Clin. Psychol.

    In-text: (Rodebaugh and Donahue, 2007)

    Your Bibliography: Rodebaugh, T. and Donahue, K., 2007. Could you be more specific, please: Self-discrepancies, affect, and variation in specificity and relevance. J. Clin. Psychol., 63(12), pp.1193-1207.

  • Journal

    Schwartz, S. J.

    The Evolution of Eriksonian and, Neo-Eriksonian Identity Theory and Research: A Review and Integration

    2001 - Identity

    In-text: (Schwartz, 2001)

    Your Bibliography: Schwartz, S., 2001. The Evolution of Eriksonian and, Neo-Eriksonian Identity Theory and Research: A Review and Integration. Identity, 1(1), pp.7-58.

  • Journal

    Scott, L. and O'Hara, M. W.

    Self-discrepancies in clinically anxious and depressed university students.

    1993 - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

    In-text: (Scott and O'Hara, 1993)

    Your Bibliography: Scott, L. and O'Hara, M., 1993. Self-discrepancies in clinically anxious and depressed university students. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 102(2), pp.282-287.

  • Journal

    Sica, L. S., Aleni Sestito, L. and Ragozini, G.

    Identity Coping in the First Years of University: Identity Diffusion, Adjustment and Identity Distress

    2014 - Journal of Adult Development

    In-text: (Sica, Aleni Sestito and Ragozini, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Sica, L., Aleni Sestito, L. and Ragozini, G., 2014. Identity Coping in the First Years of University: Identity Diffusion, Adjustment and Identity Distress. Journal of Adult Development, 21(3), pp.159-172.

  • Journal

    Slotter, E. B. and Gardner, W. L.

    Remind Me Who I Am: Social Interaction Strategies for Maintaining the Threatened Self-Concept

    2014 - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

    In-text: (Slotter and Gardner, 2014)

    Your Bibliography: Slotter, E. and Gardner, W., 2014. Remind Me Who I Am: Social Interaction Strategies for Maintaining the Threatened Self-Concept. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40(9), pp.1148-1161.

  • Journal

    Snyder, R.

    Self-Discrepancy Theory, Standards for Body Evaluation, and Eating Disorder Symptomatology Among College Women

    1998 - Women & Health

    In-text: (Snyder, 1998)

    Your Bibliography: Snyder, R., 1998. Self-Discrepancy Theory, Standards for Body Evaluation, and Eating Disorder Symptomatology Among College Women. Women & Health, 26(2), pp.69-84.

  • Journal

    Strauman, T. J.

    Self-discrepancies in clinical depression and social phobia: Cognitive structures that underlie emotional disorders?

    1989 - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

    In-text: (Strauman, 1989)

    Your Bibliography: Strauman, T., 1989. Self-discrepancies in clinical depression and social phobia: Cognitive structures that underlie emotional disorders?. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 98(1), pp.14-22.

  • Journal

    Strauman, T. J.

    Stability within the self: A longitudinal study of the structural implications of self-discrepancy theory.

    1996 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

    In-text: (Strauman, 1996)

    Your Bibliography: Strauman, T., 1996. Stability within the self: A longitudinal study of the structural implications of self-discrepancy theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71(6), pp.1142-1153.

  • Journal

    Van Hook, E. and Higgins, E. T.

    Self-related problems beyond the self-concept: Motivational consequences of discrepant self-guides.

    1988 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

    In-text: (Van Hook and Higgins, 1988)

    Your Bibliography: Van Hook, E. and Higgins, E., 1988. Self-related problems beyond the self-concept: Motivational consequences of discrepant self-guides. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55(4), pp.625-633.

  • Journal

    Vergara-Lopez, C. and Roberts, J. E.

    Self-Discrepancies Among Individuals with a History of Depression: The Role of Feared Self-Guides

    2012 - Cognitive Therapy and Research

    In-text: (Vergara-Lopez and Roberts, 2012)

    Your Bibliography: Vergara-Lopez, C. and Roberts, J., 2012. Self-Discrepancies Among Individuals with a History of Depression: The Role of Feared Self-Guides. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 36(6), pp.847-853.

  • Journal

    Wiese-Bjornstal, D. M., Smith, A. M., Shaffer, S. M. and Morrey, M. A.

    An integrated model of response to sport injury: Psychological and sociological dynamics

    1998 - Journal of Applied Sport Psychology

    In-text: (Wiese-Bjornstal, Smith, Shaffer and Morrey, 1998)

    Your Bibliography: Wiese-Bjornstal, D., Smith, A., Shaffer, S. and Morrey, M., 1998. An integrated model of response to sport injury: Psychological and sociological dynamics. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 10(1), pp.46-69.

Click here to start building your own bibliography
Keep on Citing!
Cite This For Me:
The Easiest Tool to Create your Bibliographies Online
Join Us!

Save Time and Improve Your Marks with Cite This For Me

10,587 students joined last month!

  • ✔ Save your bibliographies for longer
  • ✔ Quick and accurate citation program
  • ✔ Save time when referencing
  • ✔ Make your student life easy and fun
  • ✔ Pay only once with our Forever plan
  • ✔ Use plagiarism checker
  • ✔ Create and edit multiple bibliographies
Join