Guide: How to cite a Newspaper in Journal of Field Ornithology style

Guide: How to cite a Newspaper in Journal of Field Ornithology style

Cite A Newspaper in Journal of Field Ornithology style

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Use the following template to cite a newspaper using the Journal of Field Ornithology citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Journal of Field Ornithology style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Initial. [online]. Year Published. Title. Publication Title: Pages Used.


Council, M. 2015. Coastal Processes. Manly Council. .

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname Year Published)


The coastline is under constant attack from the natural forces of wind and waves- see Figure 1. In response to these processes, the coastline is ever changing: beaches and sand dunes erode and are rebuilt in response to wave action; sand dunes can migrate inland in response to wind attack; many sections of the coastline are receding and moving inland at significant rates. Man's activities in the coastal zone can exacerbate these processes. 

The coastline can be a hazardous area to develop. Coastal properties may be at risk from beach erosion, shoreline recession, coastal inundation, sand drift and other hazards. 

One of the natural processes affecting our coast is beach erosion. The large waves, elevated water levels and strong winds generated by a storm can cause severe erosion to sandy beaches. Storm wave attack can move significant quantities of sand offshore (up to 250 cubic metres per metre run of beach, as measured above MSL). Storm waves undercut the beach berm and frontal dune to form a pronounced erosion escarpment. The foredune may be cut back by up to 20m during a major storm event. (Council 2015)

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