Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in NP 405 style

Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in NP 405 style

Cite A E-book or PDF in NP 405 style

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Use the following template to cite a e-book or pdf using the NP 405 citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the NP 405 style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Forename - Title [Em linha]. City : Publisher, Year Published. Pages Used p. [Consult. 10 out. 2013]. Disponível em WWW:<URL:http://Website-Url>.


Spungen, Ann et al. - Exoskeletal-Assisted Walking for Persons with Motor-Complete Paraplegia. VA Rehabilitation Research and Development National Center of Excellence for the Medical Consequences of Spinal Cord Injury. 6 (2015) 2. 

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname, Year Published)


The extreme inactivity imposed from paralysis leaves these individuals at risk for many secondary medical conditions, such as adverse body composition alterations, increased risk for insulin resistance, diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and difficulty with bowel evacuation. (Spungen et al., 2015)

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