Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in SPIE journals style

Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in SPIE journals style

Cite A E-book or PDF in SPIE journals style

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Use the following template to cite a e-book or pdf using the SPIE journals citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the SPIE journals style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


1.A.  Author Surname, Title, p. Pages Used, Publisher, City (Year Published).


1.F.  Kafka, La metamorfosis y otros relatos de animales, 2nd ed., p. 41, Espasa Libros, Barcelona (2012).

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




Una mañana, al despertar de sueños intranquilos, Gregor Samsa se encontró en su cama convertido en un monstruoso bicho. 1

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