Guide: How to cite a Artwork in SpringerProtocols style

Guide: How to cite a Artwork in SpringerProtocols style

Cite A Artwork in SpringerProtocols style

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Use the following template to cite a artwork using the SpringerProtocols citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the SpringerProtocols style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


1. Author Initial. Author Surname (Year Published) Title, Gallery, City.


1. K. Mwanza Cost Of Xenophobia: South African Companies In Rest Of Africa Feel The 'Heat',

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




Some of the South African businesses operating in Nigeria include telecommunication firm MTN Group, retailer Shoprite and Pick-n-Pay, satellite broadcasting firm MultiChoice and Standard Bank.

Nigeria, the largest economy in Africa with a population of over 170 million people, accounts for a big proportion of these companies revenue and a shut down could hurt their perfomance.
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