Guide: How to cite a Patent in SIGS style

Guide: How to cite a Patent in SIGS style

Cite A Patent in SIGS style

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Use the following template to cite a patent using the SIGS citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the SIGS style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


1. Author Surname Author Initial. Title.  Year Published.


1. Turner F. Water in Catholic Social Teaching | Ecology and Jesuits in Communication. 2013. Available at: Accessed April 28, 2015.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




The Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church (2004) says this (§. 485):
“The right to water, as all human rights, finds its basis in human dignity and not in any kind of quantitative assessment that considers water as merely as economic good. Without water, life is threatened. Therefore the right to safe drinking water is a universal and inalienable right.”
Caritas in Veritate, §. 27, likewise insists:
“The right to food, like the right to water, has an important place within the pursuit of other rights, beginning with the fundamental right to life. It is therefore necessary to cultivate a public conscience that considers food and access to water as universal rights of all human beings, without distinction or discrimination.” [1]

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