Guide: How to cite a Report in HdM Stuttgart style

Guide: How to cite a Report in HdM Stuttgart style

Cite A Report in HdM Stuttgart style

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Use the following template to cite a report using the HdM Stuttgart citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the HdM Stuttgart style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Forename (Year Published): Title. City: Publisher, URL: http://Website-Url [Zugriff: 10. 10. 2013]


Conklin, A.White, G.B. (2006): e-Government and Cyber Security: The Role of Cyber Security Exercises. In: Proceedings of the 39th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS'06), 2006

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


Author Surname (Year Published)


e-Government operations are increasing with citizen demand for timely and cost effective services. Security associated with individual systems is similar to many e-commerce solutions. The span of control of e-government and its impact across a community defines a system that is more than a sum of just single systems. To test security issues across the entire system requires a new method of analysis, a community based cyber security exercise. Results from recent community based exercises have provided insight into opportunities for improvement and has demonstrated the value of these events. Information gained from community based exercises permits local governmental entities to better prepare their e-government systems to serve their citizens needs. Although some actions discovered in the exercise may be difficult and resource intensive, numerous low-hanging fruit opportunities for improvement can be discovered and used to improve e-government systems ConklinWhite (2006)

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