Guide: How to cite a DVD, video, or film in ESA style

Guide: How to cite a DVD, video, or film in ESA style

Cite A DVD, video, or film in ESA style

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Use the following template to cite a dvd, video, or film using the ESA citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the ESA style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


(Title) . Year Published. Title. Publisher, City.


Flood, M. 2007. International encyclopedia of men and masculinities. Routledge, London.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Title Year Published)


body image is a high-stakes issue in this postmodern world where movies, television, art and other media are central in shaping cultural notions of ‘proper’ masculinity (Flood 2007)

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