Guide: How to cite a Encyclopedia article in Frontiers in Optics style

Guide: How to cite a Encyclopedia article in Frontiers in Optics style

Cite A Encyclopedia article in Frontiers in Optics style

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Use the following template to cite a encyclopedia article using the Frontiers in Optics citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Frontiers in Optics style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


[1] Author Initial.  Author Surname, 'Title', in Publication Title (Publisher, City, Year Published).


[1] B.  Koppel, J.  Brust, T.  Fife, J.  Bronstein, S.  Youssof, G.  Gronseth and D.  Gloss, 'Systematic review: Efficacy and safety of medical marijuana in selected neurologic disorders: Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology', Neurology 82, 1556-1563 (2014).

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




The following were studied in patients with MS: (1) Spasticity: oral cannabis extract (OCE) is effective, and nabiximols and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are probably effective, for reducing patient-centered measures; it is possible both OCE and THC are effective for reducing both patient-centered and objective measures at 1 year. (2) Central pain or painful spasms (including spasticity-related pain, excluding neuropathic pain): OCE is effective; THC and nabiximols are probably effective. (3) Urinary dysfunction: nabiximols is probably effective for reducing bladder voids/day; THC and OCE are probably ineffective for reducing bladder complaints. (4) Tremor: THC and OCE are probably ineffective; nabiximols is possibly ineffective. (5) Other neurologic conditions: OCE is probably ineffective for treating levodopa-induced dyskinesias in patients with Parkinson disease. Oral cannabinoids are of unknown efficacy in non-chorea-related symptoms of Huntington disease, Tourette syndrome, cervical dystonia, and epilepsy. The risks and benefits of medical marijuana should be weighed carefully. Risk of serious adverse psychopathologic effects was nearly 1%. Comparative effectiveness of medical marijuana vs other therapies is unknown for these indications. [1]

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