How to Cite a Poem

Poetry is one of the most artistic and beautiful forms of writing, and can be a valuable resource to consider as a paper topic or as a piece of evidence for a research paper. In honor of National Poetry Month (April), let’s take a look at how to cite a poem in some of the most popular citation styles available on Cite This For Me.

Here are some of the pieces of information you may want to locate prior to making your reference for a poem:

  • Poet’s first and last name
  • Title of the poem
  • Title of the book where you located or read the poem (if applicable)
  • Book editor’s first and last name (if applicable)
  • Publisher name
  • Year published
  • Page numbers

How to cite a poem in Harvard referencing style (Cite Them Right 10th edition)

Formula:

Poet Last Name, First Initial. (Year) ‘Poem title’, in Last Name, Initial (ed.) Book title. Location: Publisher, pp. xx-xx.

Example:

Frost, R. (2015) ‘The road not taken’, in Swank, L. (ed.) An introduction to American poetry. New York: Viking Press, pp. 48-49.

 

*For help creating citations of different sources in this format, try the Cite This For Me Harvard reference generator.

How to cite a poem in MLA format

Formula:

Poet Last Name, First Name. “Title of Poem.” Title of Book: Subtitle if Any, edited by Editor’s First Name Last Name, Edition if given and is not first, Publisher Name often shortened, Year of Publication, pp. xx-xx.

Example:

Frost, Robert. “The Road Not Taken.” An Introduction to American Poetry, edited by Lisa Swank, Viking Press, 2015, pp. 48-49.

 

*If you’re doing an annotated bibliography, be sure to check out this MLA annotated bibliography example.

How to cite a poem in APA format

Formula:

Poet Last Name, First Initial. (Year). Poem title. In Editor Initial Last Name (Ed.), Book title (pp. xx-xx). Location: Publisher.

Example:

Frost, R. (2015). The road not taken. In L. Swank (Ed.), An introduction to American poetry (pp. 48-49). New York: Viking Press.

 

*Creating an in-text citation? The following link has an APA in-text citation example.