Guide: How to cite a Online image or video in ESA style

Guide: How to cite a Online image or video in ESA style

Cite A Online image or video in ESA style

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Use the following template to cite a online image or video using the ESA citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.

Key:

Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the ESA style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Author Surname, Author Initial. Year Published. Title.

Example:

Males, M., and L.  Buchen. 2015. REFORMING MARIJUANA LAWS: WHICH APPROACH BEST REDUCES THE HARMS OF CRIMINALIZATION? A FIVE-STATE ANALYSIS. Center for Juvenile and Criminal Justice. (http://www.cjcj.org/uploads/cjcj/documents/cjcj_marijuana_reform_comparison.pdf).

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

(Author Surname Year Published)

Example

Recommendations

States should adopt the best of both approaches by the five pioneers in marijuana reform. Promising results in California, Massachusetts, and (to a lesser extent) Connecticut indicate a pathway toward reducing the price that current policies inflict on young people, while reforms in Colorado and Washington initiated a pathway to legalized, regulated, and taxed marijuana production and sales. However, the egregious racial disparities that persist in these states indicate marijuana reforms should extend beyond marijuana policy — most urgently, toward reforming police procedures and practices that contribute significantly to these racial disparities (see CJCJ, 2012; ACLU, 2013). 

Learning from the progress of all five states is essential to designing marijuana reforms that move toward full legalization, regulation, and taxation of marijuana production, sale, possession, and use. Marijuana regulation should discriminate on the basis of responsible versus harmful use, such as dependency or driving under the influence, with the overriding goal of treatment and return to society — not policing and punishing by race, age, or other demographic factors. (Males and Buchen 2015)

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