Use the following template to cite a patent using the ASA citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. 'Title'.


Davids, Dr. 2008. 'Doctor - Referenced Only In ABS Source - No Other Source Of His Name Given'.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname Year Published)


....Due to the age of those questioned and the time period in which they achieved their degree.... (Davids 2008)

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