Use the following template to cite a journal using the Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition) citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.

Notes-Bibliography Format

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Author Surname, Author Forename. 'Title'. Publication Title no. (Year Published): Pages Used. doi:DOI Number.

Example:

Paoli, Letizia. 'How To Tackle (Organized) Crime In Europe? The EU Policy Cycle On Serious And Organized Crime And The New Emphasis On Harm'. European Journal Of Crime, Criminal Law And Criminal Justice 22, no. 1 (2014): 1-12.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

Author Forename Author Surname, 'Title', Publication Title no. (Year Published): Pages Used, doi:DOI Number.

Example

Great for start, middle Letizia Paoli, 'How To Tackle (Organized) Crime In Europe? The EU Policy Cycle On Serious And Organized Crime And The New Emphasis On Harm', European Journal Of Crime, Criminal Law And Criminal Justice 22, no. 1 (2014): 1-12.

Author-Date Format

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. 'Title'. Publication Title Volume number (Issue number): Pages Used. doi:DOI Number.

Example:

Davidian, M., and T. A. Louis. 2012. 'Why Statistics?'. Science 336 (6077): 12-12. doi:10.1126/science.1218685.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

(Author Surname Year Published)

Example

‘Statistics is the science of learning from data, and of measuring, controlling, and communicating uncertainty’. (Davidian and Louis 2012)

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