Use the following template to cite a newspaper using the Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition) citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.

Notes-Bibliography Format

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Author Surname, Author Forename. 'Title'. Publication Title, Year Published. http://Website URL.

Example:

O'Shaughnessy, Lynn. 'Why Freshman Retention Rates Matter'. Unigo, 2014. https://www.unigo.com/articles/why_freshman_retention_rates_matter.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

Author Forename Author Surname, 'Title', Publication Title, Year Published, http://Website-Url.

Example

While this rate is higher than the average retention rate of all U.S. colleges and universities of 65.7% Lynn O'Shaughnessy, 'Why Freshman Retention Rates Matter', Unigo, 2014, https://www.unigo.com/articles/why_freshman_retention_rates_matter.

Author-Date Format

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Template:

Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. 'Title'. Publication Title. http://Website URL.

Example:

Environmental Leader,. 2014. 'Hilton Lightstay Program Helped Save $29M In 2009'. http://www.environmentalleader.com/2010/04/21/hilton-lightstay-program-helped-save-29m-in-2009/.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.

Template

(Author Surname Year Published)

Example

“The LightStay system measures indicators across 200 operational practices including housekeeping, paper product use, food waste, chemical storage, air quality and transportation.” (Environmental Leader 2014)

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