Use the following template or our IEEE Citation Generator to cite a journal. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


[1]Author Initial.  Author Surname, 'Title', Publication Title, vol., no., p. Pages Used, Year Published.


[1]D.  Lyon, 'Everyday surveillance: Personal data and social classifications', Information, Communication & Society, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 242-257, 2002.

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.




p 248 "Along with the nodes and hubs in the system, dominant groups determine how and in what interests the material infrastructure operates"

p 252: "Of course, surveillance exhibits more than one face. But the face that is publicized is that of the smoothly running organization, the rapid response to consumer demands or to security calls, the  flexibility of the management structure, and not the negative and possibly undesirable aspects of personal data processing. The discriminatory power of contemporary surveillance is wielded by large organizations that have strong interests in valuable personal data. The persons from whom such data are abstracted face a built-in disadvantage in this respect." [1]

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