Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in APSA style

Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in APSA style

Cite A E-book or PDF in APSA style

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Use the following template to cite a e-book or pdf using the APSA citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the APSA style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Forename. Year Published. Title. City: Publisher. http://Website URL (Date Accessed).


 2014. 1st ed. (15 October 2014).

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname Year Published)


Extensive green roofs are lightweight with a shallow layer of
growing substrate of less than 200 mm deep, requiring minimal
maintenance. They generally have lower water requirements and
use small, low-growing plant species, particularly succulents (see
images 1 and 5 opposite). ‘Ecoroofs’ or ‘brown roofs’ are terms
used to describe these extensive green roofs. Roofs that are
designed and planted specifically to increase local plant diversity
and provide habitat (food and shelter) for wildlife are known as
‘biodiverse green roofs’ (see image 3 opposite). (2014)

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