Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in Harvard - Newcastle University style

Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in Harvard - Newcastle University style

Cite A E-book or PDF in Harvard - Newcastle University style

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Use the following template to cite a e-book or pdf using the Harvard - Newcastle University citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Harvard - Newcastle University style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published) Title. [Online]. City: Publisher. Available at: http://Website URL. (Accessed: Date Accessed).


Yu, X., Zhao, Y., Fu, C., and Chen, K. (2011) Advances in Automaton and Robotics. 1st edn. Gary Lee. Available at: (Accessed: 17 October 2014).

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname, Year Published)


Ping pong robot is platform which focuses on high speed visual tracking, trajectory prediction and control technique. In table tennis game, ping pong ball is flying at a very high speed up to over 10m/s. Playing ping pong by robots involves problems of fast ball tracking, trajectory prediction and accuracy of ball hitting. High speed visual tracking and trajectory prediction has a very broad application prospect and of great significance (Yu et al., 2011)

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