What is Chicago referencing?
Chicago referencing is an in-text and bibliography referencing system that uses footnotes as part of its format. A superscript number at the end of the sentence signals to the reader that a source has been used. It’s commonly used in humanities and social sciences as a way of attributing credit to contributing authors and supporting the statements and conclusions made in academic texts.
How to Chicago reference
Chicago style citations use the Author-Date system, with in-text citations consisting of the author’s name and year of publication given in brackets. The rest of the source information can be found in the bibliography, which is presented at the end of the essay in alphabetical order by author.
The Chicago referencing system also uses footnotes to detail in-text citations. The punctuation, spacing and order of each element are all important. Make sure you write the author’s name in full and not inverted, enclose the publishing details of books in brackets and indent the first line of each footnote two spaces from the page margin. Different source types will require different information to be included.
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Chicago referencing example
Stella Cottrell, The Study Skills Handbook (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).
Cottrell, Stella. The Study Skills Handbook. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.