What is APA referencing?
The APA referencing guide was developed by the American Psychological Association as a way of formatting social science journals for clarity and “word choice that best reduces bias in language”. Today, the APA format is used in business, economics, education, social sciences and other disciplines to present academic works clearly and consistently.
How to APA reference
Following the Author-Date style, the APA reference system uses in-text citations enclosed in brackets to refer a reader to source details in the bibliography at the end of the essay.
It’s here that you include a full list of references used, listing alphabetically the last name of the author, followed by the initials and year of publication in brackets. This is followed by the place of publication and name of the publisher. Footnotes are reserved for extra explanatory information that you deem not relevant to the main body of the text.
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APA referencing example
Cottrell, S. (2013). The study skills handbook. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.