Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in Harvard (German/Deutsch) style

Guide: How to cite a E-book or PDF in Harvard (German/Deutsch) style

Cite A E-book or PDF in Harvard (German/Deutsch) style

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Use the following template to cite a e-book or pdf using the Harvard (German/Deutsch) citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the Harvard (German/Deutsch) style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published). Title. Aufl. [ebook] City: Publisher, S.Pages Used. Abgerufen am von: http://Website URL [Zugegriffen 10 Okt. 2013].


Gens, F. (2012). IDC Predictions 2013: Competing on the 3rd Platform. 1st Aufl. [ebook] Framingham, USA: IDC. Abgerufen am von: [Zugegriffen 27 Okt. 2014].

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


(Author Surname, Year Published)


November 2012, IDC #238044, Volume: 1

Growing importance of line-of-business (LOB) executives: By 2016, 80% of 
new IT investments will directly involve LOB executives, with LOBs the lead 
decision makers in half or more of those investments.
By 2020, when the ICT industry generates $5 trillion in spending, over $1.3 trillion 
more than it does today, 40% of the industry's revenue and — incredibly — 98% of its 
growth will be driven by 3rd Platform technologies that today represent just 22% of 
ICT spending.
Frank (Gens, 2012)

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